Future tense of 3rd –io and 4th Conjugations-Lesson 24Idioms – Lesson 25 Learning targets – gain an awareness of the process we use to form the future tense of 3rd –io and 4th conjugation verbs. Discuss and understand the idea of idioms in both English and Latin.
How is the future tense of the 3rd conjugation formed? • pon___ pon____ • pon__ pon____ • pon__ pon____ • ponam ponēmus • ponēs ponētis • ponet ponent
Verbs of 3rd –io and 4th conjugations Both form future tense the SAME WAY! 3rd –io4th • capiam capiēmus muniam muniēmus • capiēs capiētis muniēs muniētis • capiet capient muniet munient • Formed in the same way as future tense of the 3rd conjugation, with the addition of an ‘i’ in EVERY form of the verb. The ‘i’ will be short in each form, because it precedes another vowel. See p. 488 for rules on pronounciation and vowel ‘quantity’.
Compare and Contrast-list differences and similarities in your notebook • 3rd Conjugation • ponam ponēmus • ponēs ponētis • ponet ponent 3rd –io4th • capiam capiēmus muniam muniēmus • capiēs capiētis muniēs muniētis • capiet capient muniet munient
-OSUS • Notice the use of the ending –osus in the text. What does it mean?
IDIOMS - English examples A Chip On Your Shoulder: Hold Your Horses:.A Dime A Dozen: Lend Me Your Ear: A Piece of Cake: Beat A Dead Horse: Bend Over Backwards: Drive someone up the wall:.Excuse my French:. On Pins And Needles:. Have an Axe to Grind: He Lost His Head:.
Idioms in Latin • Gratias ago – thank (with noun in dative) literally – act gratitude • Gratiam habeo – feel grateful (with noun in dative), lit.-have gratitude • Vitam ago – live a life, lit.-act life • Bellum gero – wage or carry on a war • Castra pono – pitch camp, lit – place a camp • Viam munio – build a road, lit – fortify a road • Verba facio – speak, make a speech, lit – make words • memoria teneo – remember, lit – hold in memory • Consilium capio – adopt a plan, lit - take a plan