Japan East Asia Korea China Objectives Describe European contacts with Ming China Understand the Manchu conquest and it’s impact on European trade Analyze the factors that led to Korea to isolate itself from other nations Summarize Japan's attitudes toward foreign trade and how they changed over time. Standards Understand the Manchu conquest and it’s impact on European trade Analyze the factors that led to Korea to isolate itself from other nations Summarize Japan's attitudes toward foreign trade and how they changed over time.
First contact • Portuguese amazed Chinese craftsmanship • Wanted silks and porcelains • Chinese thought westerners were barbarians. • Saw no reason to interact with them • Chinese wanted gold and silver (since products were inferior!) • Allowed limited trade and settlement • Macao was their first (only) trade settlement
Missionaries sought to convert the Chinese • The Jesuits brought an education approach to conversion • Matteo Ricci was impressive in his efforts • But the Chinese were interested in the knowledge—not necessarily the religion…
The Manchus • The Ming (old)dynasty was failing • The Manchus came from the NE—busted through the Great Wall and set up their own capital (Beijing) and dynasty—Qing • Were positive leaders—taking the best, working with the locals. • Great expansion from 1660-1800. • Economy expanded (American crops) • Population grew • Trade expanded
China continued to reject Westerners. • English Lord McCartney attempted to set up negotiations— (1793) • Nope. He had a bad attitude! • “insisted” the British were superior • Wouldn’t kowtow • Emperor Qianlong didn’t want anything to do with this jerk…
Ignoring the Brits would turn out bad in the long run • In the 1800s, improved technology would prove disastrous for the Chinese. • iGuns, iCannons
The Koreans • Had advanced knowledge of the West from the Arab traders and their own travels • Japan to the Mediterranean Sea • Continually attacked by the Japanese and Chinese • Caused ruin in Korea • Adopted “isolation” as their policy • No one allowed in or out. • A vast, wonderful age for Korean arts and literature.
Japan • Japan tried to work with the Westerners • Their home government was in turmoil. • The Western firepower helped sort out problems. • Many became Christian • This threatened to leaders (the shoguns)so they threw out the missionaries and persecuted the Japanese/Christians Tokugawa Shogun
Mid-1600s • The Tokugawa Shoguns turned against the Westerners completely. • Threw them out and forbade shipbuilding in Japan. • Only Dutch allowed in a couple of times a year. (to Nagasaki) • Stayed isolated for 200 years but allowed Japanese culture to flourish. • Edo (Tokyo) became larger than Paris or London!
From your notes and reading, complete the chart to show the effects of European contact in East Asia.