KINDS OF PRONOUNS KELVYN PARK HIGH SCHOOL FRANCIS ALEXANDER
The What & Why of Pronouns • Root (Latin pro, for; nomen, noun) = a word that replaces a noun • To avoid repetition • Antecedent= noun replaced (ante, before; cedo, go) • Juan is my cousin. He (Juan) is in your English class. • Juan = antecedent. He = pronoun.
7 KINDS OF PRONOUNS • PERSONAL = refers to persons, he, she • REFLEXIVE = refers back to the subject • INTENSIVE = emphasizes the subject • DEMONSTRATIVE = points to with gesture • INDEFINITE = unsure, some, few • INTERROGATIVE = question words, who • RELATIVE = relates 2 sentences (which)
SINGULAR I, me, my you, you, your he, him, his she, her, her it, it, its PLURAL we, us, our you, you, your they, them, their number plural PERSONAL PRONOUNS singular person 1st person 2nd person masculine feminine 3rd person neuter gender
Congratulate yourself! A pronoun is used as an object that refers back to the subject I saw myself in the mirror. Kim wrote a note to herself. Dick shot himself on the foot. They served themselves last. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS reflect back to the subject herself itself himself themselves refer back to the subject Don't blame yourself
INTENSIVE PRONOUN emphasizes antecedent An intensive pronoun emphasizes its antecedent. • I myself saw him. • She herself organized the concert. • The president himself has denied the rumor. The principal herself congatulated us.
Want this? DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS • POINT OUT SPECIFIC PERSONS / THINGS • I hate this. • Did Megan give you that? • She wants these. • Will you be using those? this those these that
Some like it hot. None wants it cold. All are happy. All are equal, but some are more equal. Indefinite adjectives: Some people like it cold. All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal. none all everybody some many few INDEFINITE PRONOUNS both each All are equal, but some are more equal.
QUESTION WORDS who whom whose INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS PRONOUNS USED TO ASK QUESTIONS • What is the answer to the last question? • Whose book is this? • Who are you? • Whom did you send to the store? Who, Whom, Whose, What, When, Where, What's bugging you? Whom should I give this to?
RELATIVE PRONOUN RELATES TO A PRECEDING WORD (ANTECEDENT) AND JOINS TO IT A DEPENDENT CLAUSE 2 JOBS: A PRONOUN + A CONNECTOR She is a woman. She runs for mayor. She is the woman, who runs for mayor. You saw the house. It is historical landmark. The house that you saw is a historical landmark. conjuction pronoun dual role RELATIVE PRONOUN relates antecedent to a dependent clause works as a pronoun
PRO = FOR Summary NOMEN=NOUN 7 KINDS OF PRONOUNS • PERSONAL = REFERS TO PERSONS • REFLEXIVE = ACTION BACK TO SUBJECT • INTENSIVE = EMPHASIZES ACTION • DEMONSTRATIVE = POINTS WITH A GESTURE • INDEFINITE = UNSURE SOME OR FEW • INTERROGATIVE = QUESTION WORDS • RELATIVE = JOINS SENTENCES cedo=go ante=before ANTECEDENT