QUOTATION MARKSDr. Mary Custureri Uses and formats
For titles • Short stories, poems, essays, songs • Short story: “The Ransom of Red Chief” • Poem: “The Daffodils” • Essays: “Travel in Austin” • Songs: “The Star Spangled Banner” Remember: Titles of short selections are enclosed in quotation marks.
Enclose a Direct Quotation • Sally said “I am studying very hard for my test.” • Note: If a person is not being directly quoted, do not use quotation marks. Example: Sally told me she was studying for her test.
A Split Direct Quotation • “This is important,” the teacher said,“because it will be on the test.” Note that the words the teacher said interrupt the direct quote. Therefore, the first part has a comma and a quotationmark,then the interrupter and a comma,then the rest of the quote beginning with a small letter.
Quotations inside of quotations • Running into the house, John said, “Mom, when I showed the teacher my work she said, ‘John, you had the best project.’ ” • NOTE: The writer is quoting John, who is quoting his teacher. The quote of the teacher is in single quotation marks to show it is inside another quotation.l
Enclosing unusual words • Slang words They are “cool” • Technical terms • Unusual words Try not to use slang, anyway
Changing speakers in dialogue • Each new speaker begins a new paragraph. • “Who are you?” he asked the stranger. • “Just a person passing by,” replied the man. • “Well,” said the guard, “ you cannot loiter here.” • The stranger began to walk away slowly, but he suddenly turned toward the guard and ran to him. “Don’t you remember me? I used to be your friend.”
Punctuation with quotation marks Periods always go inside quotes: Mom said, “I told you to go inside.” Commas are inside quotations: “I asked, sir,” said the first mate, “if our ship is sinking.” If the quotation is a question or an exclamation, put the marks inside the quote. She asked me, “Are you ill?” She came in screaming, “I’m hurt!” If the sentence is a question, put the mark outside the quote: Did you just yell out, “I’m hurt”?
Quotations, colons and semi-colons • Place colons and semi-colons OUTSIDE quotation marks: • She told me, “study hard”; however, I didn’t listen. • She said all these people were wearing “bling-bling”: Janet, Sue, Nancy and Patty.
After quotations from literary works • Manning said, “I believe this is the worst play he has ever written” (8). The page number is in parenthesis. A period goes after the whole sentence, after the page number. • He stated “Within 24 hours, approximately seventy-five percent of everything you have heard will disappear from your mind” (Ebbinghaus 89). Writer and page number come after the quote.