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Anatomy and Physiology Defined

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Anatomy and Physiology Defined

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  1. Anatomy and PhysiologyDefined

  2. Levels of Organization Atoms/ChemicalsCellsTissueOrganOrgan SystemsOrganism Anatomy and Physiology Ecology • Organism_______________________Ecosystem

  3. Nerve Cell Atoms to Cells Protons & Neutrons Ameoba Animal Cell Muscle Cell Plant Cell Electrons

  4. Cells to Tissues Cardiac Muscle Tissue Cell in ________ Single Cells Join to Make Tissue

  5. Tissues to Organs A single Organ (heart) Join Together Individual Cardiac Tissues

  6. Organs to Organ Systems Cardiovascular System Artery Vein Capillaries Heart

  7. Organisms Organ Systems   ? ? ? ? ? ?

  8. 11 Organ Systems • Integumentary System-Skin • Skeletal System-Bones • Muscular System-Muscles • Nervous System-____________,___________,__________ • Endocrine System-Pituitary, Thyroid, Adrenals, Pancreas, and other hormone producers • Cardiovascular System-Heart, Vessels, Capillaries • Lymphatic System-_________,__________,___________, and other Blood (cleaning) related organs • Respiratory System-Nasal, Larynx, Bronchi, Lungs • Digestive System-__________ from Mouth to Anus • Urinary (Excretory)-Kidney, Bladder, Urethra, Ureter • Reproductive-Testis, Ovary, Penis, Uterus, Vagina

  9. Series of Organs that produce _______________ Hormones regulate Growth, Metabolism, and Sexual Development Hormones are released from organs into bloodstream for transport Is involved in the ___________ of the body Generates _____________ Produces WHITE BLOOD CELLS Drains excess body fluids Lymph nodes located in neck, groin, and armpit regions Spleen is “largest” lymph organ Systems 5&7 EndocrineLymphatic

  10. Basic Life Functions • Maintaining Boundaries-Cells and Skin (both) • ___________ • Responsiveness • Digestion • Metabolism • Excretion • ____________ • ____________

  11. Survival Needs • Nutrients • __________ • __________ • Body Temperature • Atmospheric Pressure

  12. Homeostasis Components of a Homeostatic Event • The body ____________ to maintain a constant state. If hot-try to cool, if dehydrated-conserve moisture. • Receptor • Control Center • Effector

  13. Homeostatic Imbalance • Most diseases are classified as Homeostatic Imbalance • In every chapter, example of homeostatic imbalance will be discussed • They are indicated in your text by a RULER BALANCED ON A PYRAMID • Find 2 in your book now, give page number and explanation A.________________ B.__________________

  14. Anatomical Positioning THE Anatomical Position ***Please assume this position by your desk*** A person in the anatomical position is standing erect with the head, eyes and toes pointing forward, feet together with arms by the side. The palms of the hands are also point forward. ***Please assume this position by your desk*** ***Please assume this position by your desk***

  15. Directional Terms • superior/inferior • anterior/posterior • medial/lateral • dorsal/ventral • intermediate • proximal/distal • superficial/deep Use page 12 to make sketches of each of these in your notes

  16. Diagram1 Anterior Torso

  17. Diagram 2

  18. Diagram3 • Leg Landmarks

  19. Diagram 4 Arm Landmarks

  20. Diagram 5 Torso - Posterior (Body Landmarks)

  21. Body Planes and Sections

  22. Regions and Quadrants

  23. Dorsal Body Cavities

  24. Ventral Body Cavity

  25. Summary

  26. Resource Page • Internet Sites • http://www.cellsalive.com/index.htm • http://www.gen.umn.edu/courses/1135/lab/histolab/muscleimages.html • http://www-medlib.med.utah.edu/WebPath/CVHTML/CV001.html • http://users.tpg.com.au/users/amcgann/body/circulatory.html • http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html • http://www.bioedonline.org/slides/slide01.cfm?q=central%20nervous%20system&dpg=28 • http://kcfac.kilgore.cc.tx.us/luneaupage1409/torso%20anterior%20view.jpg