September 26, 2014 - review of story elements Ghost of the Lagoon Homework: Study for story elements test on Monday, September 29th! Objective I can identify and evaluate story elements in a text. Warm Up: Today we will be reviewing all of the story elements that we have covered in this unit since the beginning of the year. We will read Ghost of the Lagoon together and identify the story elements within this text.
Author's purpose A writer usually writes for one or more of these purposes: to express opinions and thoughts to inform or explain to persuade to entertain
Author's purpose What is it? What are the four types?
to express opinions the author wants to express his/her thoughts and viewpoints. letters to the editor
to inform the author wants to enlighten the reader with topics that are usually real or contain facts. textbooks cookbooks newspapers encyclopedias
to persuade the author wants to persuade the reader to agree with his opinion, and may provide facts and examples to convince the reader. advertisements commercials newspaper editorials campaign speeches
to entertain the author wants to amuse the reader poems stories plays comic strips
Parts of a story setting characters conflict
Characters the people, animals or imaginary creatures that take part in the action of a work of literature. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/69/Alice_par_John_Tenniel_25.png/629px-Alice_par_John_Tenniel_25.png
6 common character types in literature protagonist antagonist dynamic static round flat
Protagonist the main character in a literary work. Usually a hero / heroine, but not always.
Antagonist the principal character in opposition to the protagonist or hero / heroine.
Round characters well developed characters that change over time . We get to know a lot about them (usually major characters).
Flat characters appear in the story, but have very limited personalities. They do not change much over the course of the story.
Static character a character who does not change throughout the course of the story http://gregstevens.name/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/king-scar.jpg
Dynamic character a character whose personality changes during the course of the story http://img4.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20131119181650/lionking/images/f/fc/Happysimba.png
We get to know characters through an author's use of characterization the way an author reveals what a character is like and how he/she changes / develops through the story.
Speech and actions dialogue vs. dialect What they do and think What they say... Define dialogue - Define dialect -
Other characters' reactions How do others treat the character? What do they say about him/ her?
Narrator's direct comments What qualities does the narrator say the character has?
Characterization the techniques a writer uses to develop a character narrator's direct comments What qualities does the narrator say the character has? other character's reactions What do others say about the character? character's thoughts, speech and actions What does the character think, say and do? Physical appearance What does the character look like?
conflict the problem or struggle a character faces in a story.
internal conflict (man vs. himself) A conflict that occurs within the character, such as making an important decision or facing a fear.
external conflict A conflict that occurs outsideof the character, such as nature, a physical obstacle or another character.
man vs. nature Some force in nature creates an obstacle for the character.
man vs. society A conflict that occurs when a character disagrees with societal values, laws or beliefs.
man vs. man A conflict that occurs when a character has an argument, disagreement or some sort of struggle with another character.
plot the series of events in a story
exposition introduces setting main character hints at central conflict
central conflict the main problem carried through the entire story
rising action - conflict grows builds suspense
the turning point of the story makes the outcome of the conflict clear climax -
falling action - eases the tension shows how the main character resolves the conflict
resolution - reveals how everything turns out
The voice that tells the story is called the... http://www.freelancecopywritersblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/voice-209x300.jpg
An author's choice of a narrator is the... http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTvzB_ARjpXagIB0wq7pISVffH-6mTJ-_xK46PKRva3igSjKw83
What's the difference? 3rd person point of view 1st person point of view ? ? kinds of narrators in a story
1st person point of view is a character in the story uses I, me, my, myself, us, we tells his / her own thoughts and feelings does not know what other characters think or feel STORY
3rd person point of view not a character in the story, but rather an outside voice uses he, she and they can reveal the thoughts / feelings of one or more characters STORY
Third person point of view can be one of two types... Limited or Omniscient
Limited a narrator whose knowledge is limited to one character, either major or minor
Omniscient A narrator who knows everything about all characters - omniscient literally means "all knowing"
Holes is written in third person omniscient point of viewmeaning we will be able to know all of the character's thoughts and feelings
mood and tone both deal with the emotions centered around a piece of writing, however...
mood the feeling or atmosphere an author creates for a reader. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_Mo2ZXV__hmc/SwWga3WRAOI/AAAAAAAABHA/VB-TCU663WU/s1600/reading_person.png.jpg
tone the author's attitude toward his / her subject http://www.jamesaltucher.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/snoopy_writing.jpg