www.judaica-europeana.euDov WinerEuropean Association for Jewish Culture The 8th Jerusalem EVA/Minerva International Conference on Digitisation of Culture
Jewish participation in urban life in Europe Jewish cultural expressions in European cities can be documented through objects dispersed in many collections: documents, books, manuscripts, periodicals, photographs, works of art, religious artefacts, postcards, posters, audio-recordings and films, as well as buildings and cemeteries. History of the Jews by Heinrich Graetz, Leipzig 1864.Copper engraving of Moses Mendelssohn by A. and TH. Weger. Judaica Collection, Goethe University Library
* * YIVO: The Power of Persuasion, Jewish Posters from Prewar Poland 1900-1939 http://www.yivoinstitute.org/exhibits/posterfr.htm
Jews and the City Prof. Steven Zipperstein points to the anti-urban bias of most of the Jewish historiography and how this began to change at the end of the 20th century. S. Zipperstein (1987),Jewish Historiography and the Modern City. Jewish History vol 2, pp 77-88 “Modernization is about everyone becoming urban, mobile, literate, articulate, intellectually intricate, physically fastidious, and occupationally flexible. It is about learning how to cultivate people and symbols, not fields and herds. It is about pursuing wealth for the sake of learning, learning for the sake of wealth, and both wealth and learning for their own sake. It is about transforming peasants and princes into merchants and priests, replacing inherited privilege with acquired prestige, and dismantling social estates for the benefit of individuals, nuclear families, and book-reading tribes (nations). Modernization, in other words, is about everyone becoming Jewish.” Yuri Slezkine, The Jewish Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004. For the first chapter:http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/s7819.html
~5,000,000 digital objects
The Judaica Europeana project The facts Co-funded by the eContentPlus program of the European Commission: initial budget framework of 3 Million Euro (~ 4 Million USD) First stage 2010-2012: Second stage 2012-14: continuity through a Memorandum of Understanding between partners and participation in DM2E –a 3-year Digital Humanities Europeana project to begin in 2012. The program Digitisation and aggregation of Jewish content for Europeana: 5 million objects Coordination of standards across institutions in order to synchronise the metadata with the requirements of Europeana. Deployment of knowledge management tools: vocabularies, thesauri and ontologies for the indexing, retrieval and re-use of the aggregated content. Dissemination activities to stimulate the use of digitised content in academic research; university- based teaching; schools; museums and virtual exhibitions; conferences; cultural tourism; the arts and multimedia.
Milestones on the way to Judaica Europeana Consultation on Digitisation of the Jewish Cultural Heritage 10 December 2004 at the EC in Brussels Cultural Diversity in Europe: a focus for the consultation developing Jewish networking infrastructures JAFI – Ministry of Science & Culture - NLI EC projects: MinervaPlus | CALIMERA | MOSAICA MICHAEL | ATHENA | LINKED HERITAGE The future of Jewish Heritage in Europe:an International Conference – Prague 24-27 April 2004 JAFI | MiBAC | MLA Council UK | EAJC | EPOCH/ Univ Firenze | HaNadiv Foundation | European Day of Jewish Culture: ECJC, Bnai Brith, Juderias de Espana
The growing network • 24 institutions in 16 cities: museums, libraries and archives • Partners • European Association of Jewish Culture, London • JudaicaSammlungderUniversitätsbibliothekder Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main • Alliance IsraéliteUniverselle, Paris • Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activity (MiBAC), Rome • Amitié, Centre for Research and Innovation, Bologna • British Library, London • Hungarian Jewish Archives, Budapest • Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw • Jewish Museum of Greece, Athens • Jewish Museum London • National Technical University, Athens • Associate Partners • Center Jewish History, New York • National Library of Israel, Jerusalem • Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid • Bibliotheca Rosenthaliana, Amsterdam • Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam • Jewish Museum Berlin • Jewish Museum, Frankfurt/Main • Leopold Zunz Centrum, Halle-Wittenberg • Lorand Collection, Augsburg University • Paris Yiddish Center—Medem Library • Sephardi Museum, Toledo • Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem • Salomon Ludwig Steinheim Institute, Duisberg • Ben Uri Gallery – The London Jewish Museum of Art
Extending the network • The following expressed an interest in joining Judaica Europeana: • Aberdeen University Library • Widener Library, Harvard University • Jewish Community Library and Archives, Venice • London Metropolitan Archive • Mantua City Archives • Jewish Museum, Florence • Jewish Museum, Prague • Jewish Museum, Vienna • Jewish Museum, Trieste • Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life, University of California, Berkley • Royal Library of Denmark • Travelling trunk brought by a German refugee family to England in May 1939, Mädler Koffer, c.1930, Germany. Jewish Museum London
Virtual Exhibitions http://exhibitions.europeana.eu/exhibits/show/yiddish-theatre-en http://exhibitions.europeana.eu/exhibits/show/dada-to-surrealism-en
Virtual Exhibitions http://www.culturaitalia.it/pico/speciali/stella_di_david_e_tricolore/index.html
Judaica Europeana – digital humanities eventshttp://www.judaica-europeana.eu/events.html • 30 July 2010, University of Bologna, Ravenna Campus at the EAJS CongressThe JudaicaEuropeana Digital Humanities Workshopsponsored by COST Action 32 Open Scholarly Communities on the Web • 7 October 2010, National Library of Israel and COST IntereditionWorkshop: JudaicaEuropeana and Interedition:Tools and methodologies used in the field of digital scholarly editing and research. • 6-10 July 2011, Goethe University Frankfurt/MainSummer School for PhD Students in Modern European Jewish History and German Jewish StudiesThe JudaicaEuropeana Workshop on digitized primary resources for Jewish studies led by Rachel Heuberger • 11 August 2011, National Library of Israel, JerusalemSemantic MediaWiki and the Haskala Project: Building a modern Jewish Republic of Letters in the 18th and 19th Century using the Semantic WebThe National Library of Israel and JudaicaEuropeana workshop • 26 September 2011, King’s College LondonWorkshop on Semantic MediaWiki: a tool for collaborative databasesJudaicaEuropeanaHaskala Database with YaronKoren • 31 October 2011, British Library, LondonWorkshop on JudaicaEuropeana and Digital Humanities at the British Library
Processing source data in the Humanities: aggregation From Gradmann (2008) http://www.slideshare.net/gradmans/europeana-semantica
… modeling … From Gradmann (2008) http://www.slideshare.net/gradmans/europeana-semantica
… and digital heuristics? From Gradmann (2008) http://www.slideshare.net/gradmans/europeana-semantica
Supporting a Community of Knowledge Jewish Enlightenment (HASKALA): The Republic of Letters Project Prof. ShmuelFeiner, Bar Ilan University Prof. ZoharShavit, University of Tel Aviv Prof. Christoph Schulte, University of Potsdam • Investigated the secularization of the traditional book culture • Established a detailed database about a thousand books from the end of the 18th and early 19th century • Texts in Hebrew, German. Database in SQL with a Visual Basic interface supporting some 147 pre-defined queries
Supporting a Community of Knowledge Development phases: • Tools developed in the cluster of COST A32 Open Scholarly communities in the Web – Michele Barbera and Christian Barbidoni as main developershttp://www.muruca.orghttp://www.netseven.it • Linked Data: Exposing your metadata on the Web – presentation by Prof. Philippe Laublet and Milan Stankovic of STIH – University of Paris-Sorbonne, February 2011)http://www.judaica-europeana.eu/Downloads/Linked_data_20110207-05.pdf • YaronKoren, WikiWorks one of the main developers of the Semantic Media Wikihttp://wikiworks.com http://semantic-mediawiki.org
Judaica Europeana pilot projectat theUniversity of Frankfurt with support by WikiWorks, Yaron Koren • Conversion of the Haskala database to CVS • Importing it as RDF in the Semantic Media Wiki • Metadata enrichment • Include the digitised versions of the books (Frankfurt University, National Library of Israel) • Substitute SKOS formatted controlled vocabularies for the present textual strings (e.g. VIAF for names, GeoNames for locations etc) • Design of the new work environment of the Haskala research group • Publication of selections of the database in Europeana/LOD
Supporting a Community of Knowledge: Functionalities • Improved data structure In place of categories for structuring data, simple queries will reduce the need for a complex classification system.Semantic templates enable the storage of semantic markup, the wiki will further develop its solid data structure. • Searching information Individual users can search for specific information by creating their own queries reducing the dependences of the researchers on the developers. • Automatically-generated lists • Visual display of information The various display formats defined by additional extensions, such as Semantic Result Formats andSemantic Maps, allow for displaying of information in calendars, timelines, graphs and maps, • Inter-language consistency • External reuse Data, once it is created in an SMW wiki, does not have to remain within the wiki; it can easily be exported via formats like CSV, JSON and RDF. This enables an SMW wiki to serve as a data source for other applications • Integrate and mash-up data Supported by extensions such as the Data Import, Data Transfer andExternal Data extensions.
Judaica Europeana and DM2E will participate from February 2012 in the project DM2E Digital Manuscripts for Europeana
www.judaica-europeana.eu Thank you for your attention Dov Winer Judaica Europeana Scientific Manager European Association for Jewish Culture firstname.lastname@example.org
Europeana Europe’s digital libraries, archives and museums online A showcase for Europe’s cultural and scientific heritage A flagship project of the European Commission and the European Parliament.
The Europeana universe MIMO Judaica Europeana BHL Museum A Archive A Library A HOPE Culture.fr CulturaItalia BAM CIMEC etc…… Carrare Library X National Digital Library STERNA EURO-Photo Europeana Connect Archive X ECLAP Film Archive 1 Film Archive 2 Film Archive 3 Film Archive X EFG Museum X ACE EuropeanaLocal EDL Natural Europe ICOM Europe IMPACT APEnet Europeana Regia Museum 1 Museum 2 ATHENA CENL The European Library MICHAEL IASA Eurbica National Archive 1 NL 1 NL 2 NL 3 Europeana Travel VideoActive FIAT National Archive 2 Sound Archive 1 Sound Archive n Trebleclef National Archive 3 Television Archive n Television Archive 1 PrestoPrime EUScreen
Europeana architecture Slide taken from the presentation by Cesare Concordia, ISTI/CNR at the LIDA 2009 Workshop
EDM Europeana Data Model Guus Schreiber with input from Carlo Meghini, Antoine Isaac, Stefan Gradmann, Makx Dekkers et al. from Europeana V1
The essence of RDF: the “triple” subject property value Source: “The thirty minute guide to RDF and Linked Data”, by Ian Davis and Tom Heath
Linked Open Data Datasets on the Web: 10/2011 Over 31.7 billion RDF triples http://www.linkeddata.org http://esw.w3.org/DataSetRDFDump http://esw.w3.org/TaskForces/CommunityProjects/LinkingOpenData/DataSets/Statistics Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/
Europeana Data Model • Distinction between“provided object” (painting, book, program) anddigital representation • Distinction betweenobjectand metadata record describing an object • Allows formultiple records for the same object, containing potentially contradictory statements about an object • Support forobjects that are composed of other objects • Standardmetadata format that can be specialized • Standardvocabulary format that can be specialized • EDM should be based onexisting standards̶ “not yet another standard” !
EDM basics • OAI ORE for organization of metadata about an object ̶ requirements 1-4 • Dublin Core for metadata representation ̶ requirement 5 • SKOS for vocabulary representation ̶ requirement 6 • OAI ORE, Dublin Core and SKOS together fulfil requirement 7
Tagging content with controlled vocabularies:Irish vocabulary on Vikings
Tagging content with controlled vocabularies:Norwegian vocabulary on Vikings