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English 10 Grammar & Writing #14 Mr. Rinka PowerPoint Presentation
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English 10 Grammar & Writing #14 Mr. Rinka

English 10 Grammar & Writing #14 Mr. Rinka

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English 10 Grammar & Writing #14 Mr. Rinka

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  1. English 10 Grammar & Writing #14Mr. Rinka Infinitive Phrases TOEFL Vocabulary List #9

  2. Infinitive Phrases Verbalsare formed from verbs but function as other parts of speech. The three verbals are: Participles Gerunds Infinitives

  3. Infinitives An Infinitive is a verbal usually preceded by “to,” used as a noun, adjective , or an adverb. Infinitive = to + verb I love to read! To lie is a big mistake.

  4. Infinitives Infinitive used as a noun: To dream is part of our human nature. To dream = Subject I hate to argue. to argue = Direct Object

  5. Infinitives Infinitive used as a noun: My main goal is to succeed. to succeed = Predicate Nominative I wanted to do anything except to act. to do anything = Direct Object to act = Object of the Preposition

  6. Infinitives Infinitive used as an adjective: The time to study is now. to study = adjective modifying time Boston is the city to visit. to visit = adjective modifying city

  7. Infinitives Infinitive used as an adverb: I raised my hand to speak. to speak = adverb modifying raised Ready to leave, we put on our coats. to leave = adverb modifying ready

  8. Find the Infinitives The children wanted to play. It is time for the baby to sleep. To act is a natural skill for her. I will be happy to help. Did you go to the library to study? To love is to care. Paul said he really needed to eat.

  9. Find the Infinitives The children wanted to play.(DO) It is time for the baby to sleep. (Adj) To act (S) is a natural skill for her. I will be happy to help. (Adv) Did you go to the library to study? (Adv) To love (S) is to care. (PN) Paul said he really needed to eat. (DO)

  10. Infinitive Phrase An Infinitive Phrase is made up of an Infinitive and its modifiers and complements. The entire phrase can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. To score a goal in soccer (S) is a fantastic feeling.

  11. Infinitive Phrase An Infinitive Phrase used as a noun: To study hard at school (S) is a real challenge for some. Joe wants to build his own house. (DO)

  12. Infinitive Phrase An Infinitive Phrase used as a noun: Her desire is to become a doctor. (PN) She wants to do everything (DO) except to speak in public. (OP)

  13. Infinitive Phrase An Infinitive Phrase used as an adjective: Kim is the player to watch this season. I will be the one to write the speech.

  14. Infinitive Phrase An Infinitive Phrase used as an adverb: I stayed in my room to get some peace and quiet. We are eager to get started on the math project.

  15. Find the Infinitive Phrasehttp://members.cox.net/lenco1/grammarpractice/infinitive/infinphrase.htm Bill tried to warn them of the problem. Jim had no choice except to resign from the position. The child was afraid to tell the truth. The teachers came to offer their services.

  16. Find the Infinitive Phrasehttp://members.cox.net/lenco1/grammarpractice/infinitive/infinphrase.htm Bill tried to warn them of the problem. (DO) Jim had no choice except to resign from the position. (OP) The child was afraid to tell the truth. (Adv) The teachers came to offer their services. (Adv)

  17. Find the Infinitive Phrasehttp://members.cox.net/lenco1/grammarpractice/infinitive/infinphrase.htm I sat down to regain my composure. Sam had a scheme to make money. Ginger and her sister's plan was to see a lawyer. The scouts stopped to buy some supplies.

  18. Find the Infinitive Phrasehttp://members.cox.net/lenco1/grammarpractice/infinitive/infinphrase.htm I sat down to regain my composure. (Adv) Sam had a scheme to make money. (Adj) Ginger and her sister's plan was to see a lawyer.(PN) The scouts stopped to buy some supplies. (Adv)

  19. Infinitive Phrase Avoid placing a word between to and the verb in an infinitive. This is called a “split infinitive.” Wrong: I want you to not stress out over the test. Correct: I want you notto stress out over the test.

  20. Infinitive Phrase Sometimes the “to” is left out of an Infinitive Phrase in a sentence. These instructions can help (to) make the process easier. Mom will let me (to) go to the movies with you.

  21. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9 The following is a list of vocabulary words that often appear on the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) test. http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm

  22. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm eternal(adjective): not effected by time, without beginning or end etern (time, age) + al (adj. worth) The lecture seemed eternal, and many in the audience had fallen asleep.

  23. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm medieval(adjective): relating to the Middle Ages (500 - 1500 AD) med (middle) + ieval(adj. relation) There are many styles to medieval architecture, and a building built in 500 AD looks different from one built in 1000 AD.

  24. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm faint(adjective, verb): not clearly perceived; to lose consciousness from lack of blood to the brain faint(shape, make, fashion) There is a faint odor in this room. Some people faint at the sight of blood.

  25. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm feign(verb): to pretend feign(shape, make, fashion) The child feigned illness in an attempt to avoid the test.

  26. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm fiction(noun): something produced from imagination, an invented story fict (shape, make) + ion (n. related to) The excuse Marvin just gave for not doing his homework is pure fiction.

  27. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm effigy(noun): a figure representing a disliked person. e f (out, out of) + fig (shape, form) + y (n. result of an activity) The children made an effigy of their nasty neighbor.

  28. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm figure(noun): shape, pattern, drawing fig (shape, form)+ ure(n. act, condition, process, function) The figure Louise drew on the paper looks nothing like an apple.

  29. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm figment(noun): a thing that does not exist, something made up fig (shape, form)+ ment(n. condition, result) Ghosts and monsters are figments of an active imagination.

  30. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm fashion(noun, verb): the form of something, style; to give shape or form to fash (make do, do) + ion (condition or action) The current fashion is hair worn short.

  31. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm feasible(adjective): capable of being done feas (make, do) + ible(adj. worth, ability) The engineer thought that building the bridge across the river was a feasible project.

  32. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm feature(noun, verb): the appearance or form of a person or object; to picture or portray feat (make do, do) + ure(act, condition) Lisette's best feature is her eyes.

  33. TOEFL Vocabulary List #9http://www.southampton.liunet.edu/academic/pau/course/webword.htm factory(noun): a place where things are made or built fact (make, do) + ory(n. condition or activity) There is a boat factory near the river.

  34. Flashcard Machine http://www.flashcardmachine.com/machine/?read_only=1122765&p=p84w

  35. English 10 Grammar & Writing #14Mr. Rinka Infinitive Phrases TOEFL Vocabulary List #9