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Public speaking

Public speaking

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Public speaking

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  1. Publicspeaking Renata Kiršić Alfa Albona Volunteer Labin, 19th ofNovember 2018.

  2. Before we understand what we are afraid ofinfirst place, let’s learn something about it.

  3. What is public speaking?

  4. -also called oratory or oration; process or act of performing a speech to a live audience -commonly understood as formal, face-to-face speaking of a single person to a group of listeners

  5. -can serve the purpose of transmitting information, telling a story, motivating people to act or some combination of those -can also take the form of a discoursecommunity, in which the audience and speaker use discourse to achieve a common goal -publicspeaking for business and commercial events is often done by professionals

  6. -Although there is evidence of public speech training in ancient Egypt,  the first known pieceon oratory, written over 2000 years ago, came from ancient Greece

  7. In addition to simple oratory skills, tools and technologies have been created which allow for more methods of communication for speakers and public orators!

  8. Telecommunication and videoconferencing are also a form of public speaking!

  9. Whether we're talking in a team meeting or presenting in front of an audience, we all have to speak in public from time to time.

  10. Here are some tips how we can be better at public speaking!

  11. Plan Appropriately!

  12. Use tools like the Rhetorical Triangle , Monroe's Motivated Sequence or 7Cs of Communication(or any other method that will work for you) to think about how you'll structure what you're going to say.

  13. Rhetorical triangle

  14. Think about the context!-Have I presented a logical, well-constructed argument?-How do I support my claims?-What evidence do I have?-What are the counterarguments? Know your audience! -What emotion do you want to evoke? Fear, trust, loyalty...? -Do you have shared values you want to draw on? -How do your audience's beliefs fit with your message? As a speaker, clarify: -Who you are -Why you are competent to speak on the issue -Where your authority comes from

  15. Practice!

  16. If you're going to be delivering a presentation or prepared speech, create it as early as possible. The earlier you put it together, the more time you'll have to practice.

  17. Practice it plenty of times alone, using the resources you'll rely on at the event, and, as you practice, tweak your words until they flow smoothly and easily!

  18. Then, if appropriate, do a dummy run in front of a small audience: this will help you calm your jitters and make you feel more comfortable with the material. Your audience can also give you useful feedback, both on your material and on your performance.

  19. …orrecordyourspeech (andplayitafterwards)!

  20. Engage with your audience!

  21. If appropriate, ask some questions targeted to individuals or groups, and encourage people to participate and ask questions. Not only will asking questions to the crowd get you some active participants, but it will help ease any nerves you have by sharing the spotlight.

  22. Pay attention to how you're speaking. If you're nervous, you might talk quickly. This increases the chances that you'll trip over your words or say something you don't mean. Force yourself to slow down by breathing deeply. Don't be afraid to gather your thoughts; pauses are an important part of conversation and they make you sound confident, natural, and authentic.

  23. Avoid reading word-for-word from your notes. Instead, make a list of important points on cue cards, or, as you get better at public speaking, try to memorize what you're going to say – you can still refer back to your cue cards when you need them.

  24. Pay attention to your body language!

  25. Stand up straight, take deep breaths, look people in the eye, and smile. Don't lean on one leg or use gestures that feel unnatural.

  26. Your body language  gives your audience constant, subtle clues about your inner state. If you're nervous, or if you don't believe in what you're saying, the audience can soon know.

  27. Justrelax!

  28. Think Positively!

  29. Positive thinking  can make a huge difference to the success of your communication, because it helps you feel more confident.

  30. Fear makes it all too easy to slip into a cycle of negative self-talk, especially right before you speak. Self-sabotaging  thoughts like „I’m not good at thislower your confidence and increase the chances that you won't achieve what you're truly capable of.

  31. Use affirmations and visualization to raise your confidence, especially right before your speech or presentation. Visualize giving a successful presentation and imagine how you'll feel once it's over and when you've made a positive difference for others. Use positive affirmations like "I'm going to do well!"

  32. Pay attention to your appearance!

  33. Audiences will initially judge you based solely on your appearance, so make an effort to dress in a way that conveys the messages you want to. Dress professionally, but comfortable!

  34. DON’T PANIC!

  35. Expect the best, be prepared for the worst!

  36. Anything can happen. Anything, really.

  37. It’s not the end of the world. Focus on how you can fix the situation.

  38. Rely on humour!

  39. Start with a smile! Research has shown that the act of smiling- even artificially- can actually make a person feel more happy and at ease. So, put a big smile on your face when you begin speaking. Many people in the audience will probably smile back at you, too. This will make you feel relaxed, confident, and connected.

  40. If you’re funny, implement some jokes in your presentation! In that way, you’ll feel more relaxed and you’ll be more interesting to your audience. Or you’ll get them back if you start losing them. 

  41. If you speak well in public, it can help you get a job or promotion, raise awareness for your team or organization and educate others.

  42. The more you push yourself to speak in front of others, the better you'll become and the more confidence you'll have.

  43. You can do it!

  44. Don’t be afraid!

  45. Remember- the more you practice, the better you’ll be!

  46. Push yourself to your limits. That’s how you trully grow.

  47. Thankyou!