Public Speaking “You can speak well if your tongue can deliver the message of your heart.” -John Ford
Schedule • Today (Week 6): Lesson on Delivery • Next week (Week 7): Quiz, Speech Outline Due, Speech Practice • Week 8: Speech Day #1, additional lesson • Week 9: Speech Day #2, additional lesson
Today’s Goals • Review of voice qualities • Lesson on speech delivery • Work on speech outline • Preparation for quiz next week
Voice Qualities – Key Terms Volume: the loudness or softness of the words Projection: extending your voice outward Pitch: the level of your voice (high or low) Stress: the emphasis placed on a certain word Tone: the quality or character of sound; manner of expression Pace: the speed at which the words are spoken Pause: a silent break in speaking
Voice qualities are part of delivery.But what is delivery? Delivery: the way the speaker says something; the act of public speaking
How to Put Excitement (Passion) into Your Speaking • Take a minute to think about something you have strong feelings about. • Stand up and move to another part of the room with your partner. • Talk with your partner (Chinese is ok) for one minute about your thoughts on this subject. • Say anything about it, just work on adding passion to your voice!
Speech Delivery • DDelivery: the way the speaker says something; the act of public speaking • 4 4 different kinds of speech delivery: 1) Manuscript Speech 2) Memorized Speech 3) Notes-based Speech 4) Impromptu Speech
Speech Delivery 11) Manuscript Speech • TThe speaker reads something they have written out completely. • DDifficult but important to make eye contact. • DDifficult to use a variety of voice qualities. - sometimes monotone • MMay take more time to prepare.
Speech Delivery 22.) Memorized speech • TThe speaker gives an entire speech from memory. • EEasier to make eye contact, but more difficult to prepare. -Requires lots of practice. • IIt is possible to forget some important information. • CCan sound unnatural at times since it is rehearsed.
Speech Delivery 3) Notes-based Speech • The speaker plans a speech and uses an outline and / or note cards. • Easy to make changes. • Easy to make eye contact and use gestures. • Sounds more natural. • Saves time in preparation.
Speech Delivery 4) Impromptu Speech • A speech with little or no preparation, when a situation requires it (“on the spot”). • Confidence is very important for this one! • Talk with your partner and think of a situation when someone needs to give an impromptu speech.
Opinion Question • Which style of speech delivery do you prefer? Why? 1. manuscript2. memorized3. notes-based4. impromptu
Look at your audience! If you ever wondered where you should be looking when presenting, the answer is right in front of you. Don’t just single out one person, but instead try to make eye contact with numerous people throughout the room. If you don’t do this then you aren’t engaging the audience, you are just talking to yourself. This can result in a lack of attention from your audience.
Show your personality It doesn’t matter if you are presenting to a corporate crowd or to senior citizens, you need to show some character when presenting. If you don’t do this you’ll probably sound like Agent Smith from the Matrix. Very boring! Nobody wants to hear him present. (If you do, you are probably an agent yourself and we will find you)
Make them laugh! Although you want to educate your audience, you need to make them laugh as well. Don't be afraid to tell some jokes, just not too many... and make sure they are funny first (ask some friends) It keeps the audience alert and they’ll learn more from you than someone who just educates.
Talk to your audience Talk to your audience, not at them – People hate it when they get talked at, so don’t do it. You need to interact with your audience and create a conversation.
Don't over prepare! If you rehearse your presentation too much it will sound like it (in a bad way). You need to be prepared enough to know what you are going to talk about but make sure your presentation flows naturally instead of sounding memorized. Usually if you ask experienced speakers what you shouldn’t do, they’ll tell you not to rehearse your presentation too much because then it won’t sound natural.
Watch what you say! Watch what you say – You usually don’t notice when you say “uhm”, “ah”, or any other useless word frequently, but the audience does. It gets quite irritating; so much that some members of the audience will probably count how many times you say these useless words.
Be different If you don’t do something unique compared to all the other presenters the audience has heard, they won’t remember you. You are branding yourself when you speak, so make sure you do something unique and memorable.
Terms you need to know for the quiz next week • confidence • stage fright • audience • nonverbal communication and5 types • eye contact • volume, projection, pitch, stress, tone, pace, pause • outline • introduction, body, conclusion • hook, bridge, thesis • delivery • manuscript speech • memorized speech • notes-based speech • impromptu speech
Quiz Details • The quiz is worth 10% of your grade. • Some questions will be choose the best answer, and some questions will ask you to write a short answer. • For example: Why is it important to have a good hook? • You do not need to write the meanings of the words, but you’ll need to know the meaning in order to answer the questions.
Preparing a speech outline for next week • We will now take time to write the speech outline. Step 1 now: Follow the instructions on the paper I give you. Step 2 for homework: You must type your outline on the computer. I will collect your TYPED outline next week.
Rives: http://www.tudou.com/albumplay/it-7K3VS6NM/kNbR-ZGKzfs.html If we have time, we will watch a speech