Types of Communication • Public Communciation– Communication involving one speaker or a group of presenters talking to an audience. • Small Group – communication within a group who has shared interest or purpose; usually from 4-7 people • Interpersonal Communication- communication Between two people • Intrapersonal Communication- Comm. within yourself
Purpose of Speaking • Informative – A speech that is intended to increase listeners’ knowledge of a subject. • Persuasive – A communication process with a goal of influencing other people. • Entertain – A speech that is intended to entertain an audience; usually carries some message • Motivate – A speech that is intended to move people to action
Ways In Which We Deliver Speeches • Extemporaneous – With notes/ outline, thought out before hand • Impromptu – Spur of the moment; no preparation • Manuscript – Written out word for word • Memorized – No script/memorized word for word
Extemporaneous • Pro • -Organized • -Change up for audience • -Eye contact • -Natural • Con • -Flow might be ridged • -Might forget something
Impromptu • Pro • -Fresh • -Respond to audience • -Personal • Con • -Not organized • -No facts • -Might forget • -Not formal
Manuscript • Pro • -Organization • -Flows well • -Timed • -Detailed • Con • -Not natural • -Disconnected from audience • -Limited eye contact
Memorized • Con • -Forget • -Stumble on words • Pro • -Organized • -Eye contact • -Move around, contact with audience • -Facial expression
demographic information • Age, • socioeconomic status, • background, • gender
Stance on Issue 1.Supportive Audience They are friendly & will like to listen to what you say. Main objective is to reinforce what they say.
Stance on issue- cont. • 2.Uncommitted audiences • -An audience that is neutral about the speaker’s topic. • Main objective is to be continuing
Stance on issue- cont. • 3.Indifferent audiences • - Audience that is apathetic or disinterested in the speaker and his topic. The audience does not find the topic relevant to their personal info, bored. • Main objective is to get them interested in what you say.
Stance on issue- cont. • 4.Opposed audience • -An audience that is hostile to the speaker & speaker’s topic. • Main objective is to get a fair hearing from the audience.
Knowledge of Subject • Minimal – need to cover background information • Medium- can assume some background information is known, but should quickly review • High- Can use technical terms and get quickly to point
Language • What type of language would audience relate to? • Jargon- Technical words, subject specific • Colloquialism- Geographical specific words • Formal or informal language