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chapter 15 PowerPoint Presentation

chapter 15

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chapter 15

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    1. Chapter 15 Writing News Stories

    3. Electronic News Leads Dont try to answer all 5 Ws only one or two What the most important Ws? What Who Where. Purpose of the lead? Interest listeners/viewers, establish angle (?) Examples of angles on A&M-C football story? Safety recruiting playoff games.

    4. Lead Structure Hard-news leads come right to the point. Florida will gain two seats in Congress following the 2000 census. Listener may miss essential details because you dont yet have his/her full attention. Soft-news lead designed to catch listeners ear. Florida will soon have more clout in Washington.

    5. Story Structure A common format is dramatic unity Climax cause effect Writing Rules for Broadcast News Abbreviations (?) Symbols (?) Numbers (?) Spell out numbers under 12, write out thousand, million Contractions (?)

    6. Writing Rules (cont.) Ages go before the name; use only with good reason. Dates use sparingly; use th and rd (14th, 22nd) Fractions spell out (two-thirds) Names and Titles Titles go before names (Secretary of State Rice) Unfamiliar names may be omitted (a Houston man )

    7. (Names and Titles, cont.) Use initials of organizations if well known (D-P-S, N-F-L) Double-space copy News for Radio Written for the ear, like a commercial What are actualities and what do they do? Sound bites, provide color and credibility

    8. Writing to Actualities Set-up must include name and position of person speaking, what the actuality is about. Must not parrot words in the actuality (?) Should stand by itself within the story. Sometimes, words person being interviewed speaks give you a natural set-up.

    9. Radio News Writing Basics A strength of broadcast news is immediacy (?) Therefore, broadcast news writing stresses present tense President meets rather than President today held a meeting. Use says instead of said. Use active voice.

    10. Radio News Writing basics, cont. Length (?) Radio stories should not be longer than 45 seconds Usually three or four sentences.

    11. News for Television Pictures tell the story as much as the words do. Support the video with words that fill in the blanks. Television News Scripts Two-column format video and audio on left script on right. Terms: B-roll CG O/C SOT VO.

    12. Types of Television Stories Read Stories (Readers) no VO or SOT, may use graphic. Voice-Overs (VO) script read over an edited video sequence. VO/SOTs script read over video sequence, with an SOT included. Package pretaped VO/SOT, with an intro for the anchor and a lockout at the end.

    13. Television News Writing Basics Let the picture tell the story use words to clarify items that are not obvious from the video. View video before writing the story words must match the video. Easier to change words than video. Identify people shown in stories quickly dont leave viewers guessing. Change times and locations logically dont switch back and forth in time and location.