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Chapter 15

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Chapter 15

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  1. Chapter 15 Years of Crisis, 1919-1939

  2. Chapter 15 objectives • CHAPTER 15 OBJECTIVE • SWBT analyze the economic, political, social, and scientific changes that brought the world to the brink of a second world war _________________________________________ • Monday, 2/11/13 • SWBT Identify and List contributions to various fields after WWI • SWBT Identify key terms and explain their significance World Wide • SWBT analyze the worldwide effects of the Great Depression • Tuesday, 2/12/13 • SWBT analyze the worldwide effects of the Great Depression • SWBT Identify and explain Fascism and the reasons for the rise of Fascist Mussolini • SWBT compare and contrast Fascism vs. Communism • Wednesday, 2/13/13 • SWBT examine and understand Fascism and the reasons for the rise of Fascist Mussolini • Thursday, 2/14/13 • SWBT create extended response explaining Mussolini’s rise to Fascism • SWBT assess their knowledge on Fascism and the rise of Mussolini • Tuesday, 2/19/13 • SWBT construct notes in order to understand the rise of Hitler and Nazism • SWBT analyze and evaluate the impact that Adolf Hitler had on Germany • Wednesday, 2/20/13 • SWBT examine and analyze Primary Sources (Hitler’s Mein Kampf) • SWBT understand Mein Kampf by collaborating their ideas with peers • Thursday, 2/21/13 • SWBT examine and understand the ideologies of Nazism • SWBT Understand how and why aggressors invade other nations before WWII

  3. Expansion in Europe, 1931-1939 AGGRESSORS

  4. Aggression in asia, 1931-1937 JAPAN

  5. Aggression in africa, 1935

  6. What countries were vulnerable to attack by germany?? • Poland • Czechoslovakia • Austria • Denmark • Netherlands • Belgium • Luxembourg • Switzerland • France

  7. So why poland? What does germany gain by invading poland? • What do you notice about East Prussia? • Part of Germany • Separated to Germany by Poland • Germany would also acquire Poland's land and resources

  8. Section 1 and 2 • With a partner, complete the following graph on the back of your notes: Theories of Human Mind & Behavior Albert Einstein Theory of Relativity Sigmund Freud The Trial, The Castle,Loss of Spiritual values Friedrich Nietzsche Franz Kafka, T.S. Eliot, W.B. Yeats Urged Return Of Heroism Expressionism, Surrealism, Cubism Newer and less Traditional Music Arnold Schoenberg Paul Klee, Pablo Picasso International Air-travel,33hrs Auto Industries Charles Lindbergh Electric Start, Air-Filled Tires

  9. The great depression worldwide

  10. A worldwide depression • Key Terms: • Coalition Government • Weimar Republic • Great Depression • Franklin D. Roosevelt • New Deal • When no single party won a majority, this temporary alliance of several parties was needed to form a parliamentary majority. These coalitions usually never lasted long because of policy disagreements • A long business slump due to stock market crashing, unemployment, and industrial production, prices and wages declined • Large public works project implemented by President Roosevelt that helped to provide jobs for the unemployed • Germanys new democratic government set up in 1919. This new government had serious weaknesses from the start that led to its demise • United States President elected in 1932 to help get the country out of the depression

  11. The effects of the great depression worldwide Great Depression

  12. Fascism rears its head in europe Failure to win Territorial gains at Paris Peace Conference Rising Inflation Unemployment + + Helpless democratic government + = SOCIAL UNREST! A new, militant political movement that emphasized loyalty to the state and obedience to its leader. Fascism - A newspaper editor ad politician that boldly promised to Rescue Italy by reviving its economy and rebuilding its Armed forces. Benito Mussolini - Led 30,000 Fascists to march on Rome. Threatened widespread violence if the King did not put Mussolini in charge of the government http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=igXA4lAAykI&list=PLDB30E8C3A7675D36 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Vf_gUvPVUU

  13. Mussolini and fascism • The classroom needs to be divided into 3 groups. • Each group is designated a section of the reading and the questions. • The group NEEDS to designate or vote on a group reporter that will share the answers with the rest of the class when asked to • EVERYONE reads the first main paragraph that is marked • Read your assigned section quietly to yourself, and then discuss and answer your questions as a group (See note below) • Once we come together as a class, we will then discuss and share our answers (EVERYONE is accountable for knowing ALL answers; so YOU MUST pay attention) ***USE YOUR CORNELL NOTE PAGES TO ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS!

  14. The rise of Hitler and Nazism Tiny right-winged political group sharing beliefs that Germany had to overturn the Treaty of Versailles and combat Communism Nationalist Socialist German Workers Party Nazi for short The fascist policies of the NSGWP, based on totalitarianism, a belief in Racial superiority, and state control of industry Nazism

  15. The rise of hitler and nazism Adolf Hitler • Volunteered to fight for Germany in WWI; • Awarded the Iron Cross twice for bravery • Inspired by Mussolini’s March on Rome; plotted to • Seize power in Munich with Nazis; failed and sentenced • To prison for treason • Called Germans, “Aryans” and he declared that non- • Aryan races such as Jews, Slavs, and Gypsies were inferior • Enraged by the Treaty of Versailles and vowed to regain • German Lands • Believed that Germany was becoming over crowded and • Needed more Lebensraum; or Living Space • This will give way towards the oppression of other • “non-aryan” races

  16. The rise of hitlerand nazism • Most ignored Hitler’s message until the effects of WHAT • Started to set in, in Germany???? THE GREAT DEPRESSION • Looking for a strong leader to turn too, Social Unrest in Germany Led to Hitler being named Chancellor of Germany after the Nazi Party becomes the LARGEST political party in Germany in 1932 “ By naming Hitler as Chancellor, you have delivered up our Holy Fatherland to one of the greatest rabble-rousers of all Time. I solemnly predict that this accursed man will plunge Our Reich into the abyss and bring our nation into inconceivable Misery ~ General Erich Ludendorff to President Hindenburg, 1933 Hitler #1 Hitler #2

  17. Hitler vs. Mussolini • Do you think that Hitler and Mussolini are more alike? Or Different? Depression; leading to social Unrest; leading to people Striving for strong leader Depression; leading to social Unrest; leading to people Striving for strong leader RISE Revive the economy, Regain Territory lost, Revive Nationalism and Pride in Germany Revive the economy, Regain Territory lost, Revive Nationalism and Pride in Italy GOALS

  18. adolfhitler, Mein kampf (my struggle) 1) Branch off into assigned teams Team 1 – Read “War Propaganda” Team 2 – Read “Causes of the Collapse” Team 3 – Read “Nation and Race” Team 4 – Read “Eastern Orientation or Policy” 2) After QUIETLY reading your section, largely write down (with your team) 3-4 key points that summarizes that section on the paper provided. **WE WILL BE POSTING THESE ON THE WALL TO SHARE WITH CLASS!!! DON’T BE AFRAID TO ASK QUESTIONS!!!

  19. Nazi ideology TheGestapo – The Nazi Secret Police; used to force Germans into obedience - Wanting to control every aspect of German life • Churches were forbidden to criticize the Nazi government • Turned the press, radio, literature, painting, and film into propaganda tools - Continuous struggle brought victory to the strong - Anti-Semitism: Hatred of Jews, blaming them for struggles TO REVIVE THE ECONOMY, HITLER and THE NAZIS… - Banned Strikes - Gave government authority over business and labor - Dissolved independent labor unions - Putting millions to work: constructing factories, highways, manufacturing weapons - Number of unemployed dropped from 6 million to 1.5 million in 1936

  20. Aggressors invade nations • Just like elsewhere, the depression had struck in Japan causing • Military leaders to take control of the country • Japanese militarists were extreme nationalists • Japan challenges the League of Nations and attacked • Manchuria and then China 4 years later (1931-1937) See map • Mussolini and Italy invade Ethiopia in 1935; See Map • League of Nations did nothing • Great Britain allowed Italy to move troops and supplies through • The Britain-controlled Suez Canal • League of Nations forbad Germany to enter the Rhineland (The • Zone between Germany and France that acted as a buffer) • Hitler defied the Treaty of Versailles and entered anyway in 1936 • Neither France or Britain were willing to enter another war, so Britain • Urged APPEASEMENT; the giving in to an aggressor to keep peace • This showed Hitler how much Power and Prestige he had gained while • Aligning himself with other AXIS POWERS; Italy, Japan, and Germany • To demonstrate the effects of the depression on society, Spainwas • Also facing Social Unrest; leading to the rise of Fascism in • Francisco Franco – Hitler and Mussolini aided this revolution