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Denominations in the 13 Colonies: 17th & 18 th Century America PowerPoint Presentation
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Denominations in the 13 Colonies: 17th & 18 th Century America

Denominations in the 13 Colonies: 17th & 18 th Century America

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Denominations in the 13 Colonies: 17th & 18 th Century America

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  1. Denominations in the 13 Colonies:17th & 18th Century America “From the Reformation to the Constitution” Bill Petro your friendly neighborhood historian www.billpetro.com/v7pc

  2. ObjectivesBy the end of this session you should be able to • Trace development of American Colonial Religion • Define “denominationalism” • Discuss origins of American denominationalism

  3. Luther - Melanchthon 1517 Lutheran Calvin - Beza 1532 French-Swiss } Zwingli - Bullinger Reformed Presbyterian Scottish Presbyterian Dutch Reformed 1519 German-Swiss Henry VIII - Cranmer Grebel – Manz - Simonsz 1525 1536 English Swiss Brethren Reformation Traditions Lutheranism Episcopal Anabaptist Congregational Mennonites English Sep English Baptists Anglican Episcopal Church of England

  4. American Church History 1787 1865 Calvinism Arminianism Biblistic Rationalism Liberalism Subjectivism Existentialism Theocentrism Anthropocentrism Liberalism

  5. Colonies: 1650

  6. The 3 G’s • Gold • God • Glory

  7. Colonies: 1750

  8. The Colonies Anglicanism: established religion in 6 of 13 colonies • Virginia: London company settled Jamestown 1607 • Maryland: settled by George & Cecil Calvert • North & South Carolina: one colony for ½ century • Georgia: founded in 1732 for imprisoned debtors • New York: owned by the Dutch, then English

  9. Outline by Region • New England Congregationalists • Rhode Island Baptists • Middle Colonies Quakers Mennonites Moravians Lutherans Presbyterians • Maryland Roman Catholic • South, NY, etc. Anglican

  10. “Denominationalism” • Primary expression of American Christianity, post 1740’s • Based, in part, on freedom to differ • Denomination vs. Sect • Inclusive vs. Exclusive • The true church cannot be identified with any single ecclesiastical structure • Seed planted by Reformers: not of bishops but of believers • Architected by Congregationalists at Westminster Assembly

  11. EnglishPilgrims New Lights 1620 1630 1691 1734 Plymouth Boston Merge w/Mass. Bay Co. English Puritans Old Lights American Congregationalism

  12. Roger Williams and Baptists • 1636-1683 • Expelled from Mass Bay Colony • Founded Providence, Rhode Island Colony • 1638 Rebaptized church

  13. Regular Baptists Calvinist NorthernBaptists 1630’s 1740’s 1787 1845 Roger Williams New LightCong’ists Constitution Separate Baptists Arminian SouthernBaptists Baptists

  14. William Penn • 1644 - 1718 • 1685: 8,000 Quakers in Pennsylvania

  15. Penn’s Government

  16. Quaker Meetings • Repugnant to other denominations: • Equality for women • Speaking in Meeting • Preaching the Gospel

  17. Mennonites • Followers of Menno Simons • Germany, Switzerland, Holland → Pennsylvania • Quakers tolerated various sects, New England Congrationalists didn’t • “In New England there is great liberty,if you hurry” • 17th-century Swiss Mennonite bishop, Jakob Amman: Amish

  18. Moravians • Germany → Savanna, Georgia • Fled mosquitoes and Spanish • George Whitfield invited them to “forks of Delaware River” (Pennsylvania) • Built school for training of Indians • Settled Nazareth, Bethlehem, Winston-Salem

  19. Dutch: New Amster 1620’s 1630’s 1700’s Swedes:Delaware Vly Germans:Pennsylvania Lutherans

  20. Roman Catholicism in Maryland • Father Andrew White (1579-1656) • First mass upon the arrival of the Ark and the Dove • 1634: 200 settlers aboard • 1632: George Calvert “Lord Baltimore” obtained charter from Charles I for Maryland

  21. National Assembly Synod Presbytery Presbyterian Organization Synod Presbytery Session Session

  22. EnglishPresbyterianPuritans 1706 1716 1729 1789 ContinentalReformGroups 1st Presbytery 1st Synod Adopting Act 1st Nat As’mbly Scots-Irish Presbyterians

  23. 1-Word Summary • Catholic Church Merit • Luther Justification • Zwingli Sovereignty • Anabaptists Believer’s Baptism • Calvin Omnipotence • Arminius Ability • “Calvinism” TULIP • Knox Thundering • Henry VIII Married • Pilgrims Separatists • Puritans Saints • Denominations Inclusive