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Common Trees of North Carolina

Common Trees of North Carolina

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Common Trees of North Carolina

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  1. Common Trees of North Carolina Environmental and Natural Resources I- Objective 29.01

  2. American Elm • Leaves are oval, long, curved and pointed, sharply toothed margins • Bark is dark gray • Common on bottomlands • 75-100 feet, diameter 2-5 feet

  3. American Holly • Leaves are spiny, wavy-edged, 2-4 inches long, dark green in color • Red berries on female trees • Bark is light gray, roughened wart-like growths • 15-40 feet by 1-2 feet

  4. American Sycamore • 3-4 lobed leaves, shallow sinuses, 4-7 inches long and broad, palmate, toothed margins • Multi-colored, mottled trunks • Fruit is a ball 1” diameter • 80-110 feet by 3-8 feet

  5. Bald Cypress • Leaves are ½ to3/4 inches long and are arranged in a featherlike fashion along two sides of small branchlets • Trunk has a broad, fluted based “knee” • Bark is dark reddish brown to silver and is finely divided by longitudinal fissures • Swamplands

  6. Black Walnut • Leaves are alternate, 12-24 inches long, 15-23 sharply oval, finely toothed, leaflets that are 2 inches long, pinnately compound • Bark is thick dark brown to black, deep fissures • Lower slopes to bottomlands • 50-90 feet by 2-3 feet

  7. Common Persimmon • Leaves are broadly oblong, pointed, 4-6 inches long, small dark veins on the underside • Fruit is reddish purple, 1-2 inches and only on females • Bark is dark and deeply divided in to small, square plates • Not found in mountains • Used to make clubheads for golf clubs

  8. Eastern red Cedar • Leaves are smooth, dark green, 1/16 inch in length, whorls of three • Bark is light reddish-brown, think and separates into long, peeling, fibrous strips • Found all over • 40-50 feet by 1-2 feet

  9. Eastern White Pine • Needles are bluish-green, 3-5 inches, clusters of five, white line on two surfaces of each needle • Bark is smooth, greenish on young, dark gray on old • Cones are 4-8 inches • Does best in mountains • 100 feet by 4 feet • Largest conifer in East U.S.

  10. Loblolly Pine • Needs occur in clusters of three and are 6-9 inches long • Oblong cones are 2-6 inches long, with a spine at the tip of each scale • Mature bark is thick, bright reddish to brown and is divided by shallow fissures • Coastal Plain throughout the eastern Piedmont • 90-110 feet by 2-3 feet • Most common and commercially important pine

  11. Red Maple • Leaves are 3-5 lobed, serrated, 2-6 inches long • Samaras are reddish in color, V-shaped • Bark is smooth and light gray on young, dark gray on old • 40-70 feet by 1-2 feet

  12. River Birch • Leaves are oval, pointed, double toothed serrated margins • Bark varies from reddish brown to cinnamon red in color and peel back tough papery layers • Found on rivers, swamps… not in high mountains • 60-80 feet by 1-2 feet

  13. Shagbark Hickory • Leaves are 8-14 inches long with five (rarely 7) leaflets that are tapered, oval, smoth, and finely toothed • Bark is light gray that separates into thick plates a foot or more long • Tree likes damp soil • Hickory Nuts • 60-80 feet by 1-2 feet

  14. Southern Red Oak • Irregularly shaped lobes that are narrow and bristle tipped or pear-shaped with three rounded lobes • Leaves are dark green above and tan below, 5-9 inches long • Bark is rough light gray on young, dark gray on old • 60-80 feet by 2-3 feet • Higher ridges of Coastal Plain and throughout Piedmont

  15. Sweetgum • Leaves are star shaped, 5 deeply separated lobes • Bark is light gray, corky scales • 60-80 feet by 2-3 feet • Grows in swamps, rivers, and even on drier uplands • Large, valuable forest tree

  16. White Oak • Leaves are 5-9 inches, 7-9 rounded lobes • Acorn is ¾ inche long and chestnut brown when mature • Thin bark is light gray and covered in loose scales on broad plates • Abundant in the Piedmont and lower mountains, found in Coastal Plains • 80-100 feet by 3-4 feet

  17. Yellow Poplar • Tulip tree, composed of four large lobes, 5-6 inches long • Bark is light gray • Flowers are tulip-like • 90-110 feet by 2-5 feet • Grows best in deep moist soils of streams and lower mountains • Greenish yellow heartwood