An individual’s personality is the complex of mental characteristics that makes them unique from other people It includes all of the patterns of thought and emotions that cause us to do and say things in particular ways Personality also colors our values, beliefs and expectations
What other factors have we learned about that affect personality? So…what is personality development?
Personality development is the development of the organized pattern of behaviors and attitudes that makes a person who they are; it occurs by the constant interaction with others and with the surrounding environment Research by psychologists over the last several decades has increasingly pointed to hereditary factors being more important
Some hereditary factors that contribute to personality development do so as a result of interactions with the particular social environment in which people live Despite significant differences in the way children are raised all around the world, some similarities do exist
For example, boys and girls are socialized differently to some extent in all cultures Boys receive different messages as to what is expected of them from their parents and vice-versa Boys are allowed more freedom to experiment and participate in physically risky activities
Girls on the other hand, are often steered to learn how to do more domestic tasks Parents do not always follow these stereotypes with their sons and daughters
Girls who participate in physical activities are often called “tomboys” where boys who take up less masculine activities may be teased for doing something ‘girly’ Different societies will raise different personalities
Heredity & Environment: Nature & Nurture
Are we who we are because of the traits we were born with or because of the environment we were brought up in? Studies of identical twins separated at birth reveal that heredity plays a very big role in who we are Other studies have shown that you are born with certain traits and potential, but the environment determines which potentials are developed
The debate between heredity and environment is termed, “Nature vs. Nurture.” You are born with certain traits, but the traits that you develop will be determined by your environmental upbringing Both heredity and environment will affect who you are
HeredityEnvironment Community & School Involvement Physical Appearance Intelligence How you use your intelligence (grades, curiosity, etc.) Physical Traits (coordination, rhythm, balance, athletic abilities) Religious Beliefs Talents & Innate Abilities (a beautiful singing voice, artistic talent, etc.) Interests & Hobbies
Journal Entry: Do you think one has more influence over the other? Do you think heredity or environment has affected your personality development the most?