shoulder n.
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  1. Shoulder

  2. A.A.A. Contest Answerthe Animated AnimaLS • Throughout the slide show there will be slides with written questions. • When you see a question, think of the answer, don’t answer it out loud --- this way, everyone gets a chance to think. • Some slides with a question will have animations of animals cross the screen. When this happens, write down the answer on a post it note and quickly WALK it up to post on the board at the front of the class. • The first person to post the correct answer on the board is the winner! You get to put a sticker on the “AAA Contest” board. • The contest will continue throughout the quarter… at the end of the quarter, the person with the most stickers wins! The winner gets a sur-Prize

  3. Bones of Shoulder • Humerus • & • The shoulder girdle: • Scapula • Clavicle

  4. The shoulder girdle • attachment of the upper extremity to the trunk • It consists of two bones: • the scapula (shoulder blade) • clavicle (collarbone)

  5. Shoulder GirdleScapula & Clavicle • Link to Axial skeleton via sternoclavicular joint • Lack of posterior attachment to the axial skeleton allows for a wide ROM • Functions to allow attachment areas for numerous muscles that move the shoulder and elbow

  6. What is the only true synovial joint where there is an articulation between the humerus and the axial skeleton? Sternoclavicular joint

  7. Landmarks of Scapula • Borders • superior, medial (vertebral), lateral (axillary) • Angles • inferior, superior • Acromion process • Spine of scapula • Glenoid fossa • Coracoid process • Supraspinatus fossa, Infraspinatus fossa, Subscapular fossa • Supraglenoid tubercle & Infraglenoid Tubercle

  8. Posterior View of Scapula

  9. Anterior View of Shoulder Complex: With Scapula, Humerus and Clavicle

  10. Lateral View of Scapula (Sagittal Cross Section) Anterior Posterior

  11. Learning Activity: • Label the landmarks of the scapula • 1st try from memory • (in a couple of minutes Zefire will put up a labeled picture so you can double check your answers, make corrections and additions)

  12. Joints of theShoulder Girdle • Sternoclavicular joint 2. Acromioclavicular Joint • Glenohumeral Joint (4) Scapulothoracic Joint - NOT really a synovial joint • supported by muscles, not ligaments

  13. Joints of theShoulder Girdle 1. Sternoclavicular • Sternum and clavicle • gliding joint • ligaments • anterior sternoclavicular ligament • posterior sternoclavicular ligament • costoclavicular ligament • interclavicular ligament

  14. Joints of theShoulder Girdle 2. Acromioclavicular • Acromion Process of scapula and clavicle • gliding joint • ligaments • coracoclavicular ligaments • trapezoid ligament • conoid ligament • superior & inferior acromioclavicular ligaments

  15. Acromioclavicular Joint The joint is surrounded by a weak capsule that is reinforced by strong inferior and superior * acromioclavicular ligaments. Further strengthening occurs through the coracoclavicular ligament formed of two strong fibre bundles, the lateral trapezoid and medial conoid ligaments.

  16. Joints of theShoulder Girdle: 3. Glenohumeral • Glenoid fossa and head of the humerus • Ball and socket • Joint that allows most movement of entire body • Allows movement in 3 planes

  17. “Shoulder Joint”: Glenohumeral Joint Process Fossa Fossa Labrum: a ring of fibrous cartilage surrounding the glenoid stabilizes the joint (makes a deeper socket)

  18. “Shoulder Joint”: Glenohumeral Joint

  19. Glenohumeral Joint: What is the bony landmark on the scapula that articulates with the humerus? Glenoid Fossa

  20. Movements allowed by the “Shoulder” Glenohumeral Joint: Flexion + Extension ADduction + Abduction Circumduction: Flexion + Extension + Adduction + Abduction Medial Rotation + Lateral Rotation Horizontal ABduction + Horizontal ADduction

  21. Movements allowed bythe Scapulothoracic “joint” • Abduction (Protraction) • Adduction (Retraction) • Depression: inferior movement • Elevation: superior movement • Downward (inward) rotation: inferior angle moves medially • Upward (outward) rotation

  22. Movements allowed bythe Scapulothoracic “joint” • Abduction (Protraction) – scapula move away from spine • Adduction (Retraction) – scapula move closer to spine

  23. Protraction Retraction Bring shoulder blades closer together. A widening across front of collarbone will occur. Try to keep space between the hands constant. Reach fingers forward. A widening between shoulder blades will occur. Try to keep space between the hands constant.

  24. Movements allowed bythe Scapulothoracic “joint” • Depression: inferior movement • Elevation: superior movement

  25. Movements allowed bythe Scapulothoracic “joint” • Downward (inward) rotation: inferior angle moves medially, and acromion moves downward • Upward (outward) rotation: inferior angle moves laterally, and acromion moves upward

  26. Scapular Movements in Action What is the movement at the scapula as this man contracts his muscles? Elevation Superior movement of the shoulder girdle; moving the scapula up.

  27. Scapular Movements in Action Besides some depression of the scapula, what other primary motion is occurring at the scapula during the pull up? • Downward Rotation • Rotary movement of the scapula; Moving inferior angle of scapula medially and downward.

  28. Scapular Movements in Action Upward Rotation Rotary movement of the scapula; Moving inferior angle of scapula laterally and upward.

  29. Scapular Movements in Action During the push-up phase of the movement, what is the scapular action? Abduction (Protraction) Forward movement away the midline of the body; moving the scapula away from the spine.

  30. Scapular Movements in Action What scapular movement is occurring during contraction? Adduction (Retraction) Backward movement toward the midline of the body; moving the scapula back toward the spine.

  31. The scapula moves normally on the thorax only if the two joints by which it attaches to the axial skeleton are also free to move: Sternoclavicular joint Acromioclavicular joint

  32. Sternoclavicular (SC) joint movements: CLAVICULAR ELEVATION AND DEPRESSION Clavicular protraction and Retraction BACKWARD AND FORWARD ROTATION OF CLAVICLE OCCUR

  33. Acromioclavicular joint Mobility at the AC joint allows the scapula to move in three dimensions so that it follows the contours of the ribcage. Scapular WINGING TIPPING UPWARD and DOWNWARD ROTATION

  34. During shoulder elevation, the scapula and clavicle must rotate upwardly

  35. Humeral Flexion and Extension

  36. There’s nothing like a good shoulder

  37. Learning Activity: • Individually, without your notes • Take 10 minutes to write an outline of the movements possible at the • Glenohumeral joint • Scapulothoracic “joint” Then, answer these questions: Which of these joints allows more movement: AC - acromioclavicular joint or sternoclavicular joint? In how many planes does this more moveable joint allow movement? Try drawing diagrams to see if that helps

  38. Learning Activity: 2) In small groups, your answers; make sure everyone understands. 3) With a scapula model, take turns, with each person showing the scapulothoracic movements on a group member’s back (while other group member(s) watch and help).