English Teaching & Integration of Teaching Resources By Liu Zhaohui Guizhou College of Education email@example.com Beijing, July 2005
New National Curriculum Standard A. Five Points Required by the NNCS 1.Knowledge 2.Skills 3.Culture 4.Strategies 5.Emotion How to change or implement the insufficient situation: through the development of resources! • Three Concepts Concerning the Integration of Resources
1. “Make full use of and create any useful teaching resources so as to offer students information familiar and close to their won:audio & visual,CAI, Newspaper, Magazines , Internet etc 2., “The curriculum reformation should begin with consideration of students’ own learning interests, life experience and sponsor the idea of experience,practice, participation, cooperation, communication and task-based teaching method.”
3. “The manipulation and development of teaching resources should be in accordance with the the local economic developing level and the financial supporting power of the parents so as to avoid adding economic burden to the students on one hand and wasting the resources on the other.”
II. Teaching Resources 1.What Is Curriculum Resource? General Understanding: Teaching Material 2. What Is Teaching Resource? Broadened Understanding: Any useful material designed under the guidance of the New National Curriculum. 3. Types of Teaching Resources
a. Resources offering materials containing teaching goals & suggestion, typical examples, teaching plans, extending capacity etc. b. Media resources Resources offering materials supplying audio & visual, music, graphs & pictures, CAI soft wares, internet etc. • Resources on competence training Resources focusing on task-based exercises, research activities.
Latent resources Individual deposit of knowledge, skills, experience, methods, emotional attitudes etc Eg: A teacher’s accent----imitated by students; Students’ can be useful to each other and may help teachers in some aspect. As for the resources mentioned above, in practice we should use them creatively and sometimes redesign the established ones to meet the local needs.
III. Significance of Integration of Resources & English Teaching • The development of resources will greatly enlarge the narrow education content, and will promote the development of students to full extend. 2. The development will lead to the reformation in education, such as in teaching methods and the organization of teaching etc. 3. The abundance of resources will be sure to activate students’ interests so as to increase the efficiency of learning power.
IV. Problems about Resources • Unbalanced distribution of resources---more exercises, but less useful resources for preparing lessons, audio & visual etc. • The time of teaching arrangement is sometimes not in accordance with the issue of materials by some resources. • Teachers usually have strong interest and need in using resources, but are frustrated at these unsystematic resources.
4.Contents in some resources are stale while some resources are not practical in either teaching methods or improvement of teachers’ qualities. 5. Some resources are not proper for common cases. 6. Few resources are offered in consideration of the minority area.
V. Integration of Resources • Comprehensively utilize the present resources: Combine the four kinds of resources into one lesson design. a. Choice of the resources---not only using the resources provided by the publisher of the textbooks, but also making good use of some extra resources: Eg: English Learners’ Lighthouse(英语学习辅导报）(www.ell.net) English Teachers’ Net(www.enteacher.cn) b. Allocate the mature resources reasonably and try to localize the ready made resources---School-complied materials
Eg: Go for It---resources offered by the People’s Publishing House; School-based materials---individualities 2. Static supplements & Creative Development • Static supplement Teaching resources should be added with some new information from time to time so that the validity of the resources can be extended and the quality of teaching can be guaranteed. b. Creative development of useful resources
(1)The solidity of the present resources----insufficient design (2)The limitation of the present resources---- designed for all but “ignore” the uniqueness of individuality (3) So abstract that it is hard for teachers to operate it in practice
VI. Sample of How to Integrate Internet Resources with Your English Teaching 1. Preparing a Lesson • Reading tools---internet Explorer, Netscape, QQ explorer etc b. Searching Engines--- Goggle, Sina search engine, tom search engine, bai du etc. c. e-mail sender or receiver—yahoo messenger, msn, hotmail, g-mail etc d. Media player---real player, window player etc e. ppt—power point
2. Teaching a lesson a. Email---teaching how to write b. Media player/real audio--- teaching how to do listening comprehension c. Video-conferencing/chat-room(keyboard chat): Oral English d. voa.com/bbc.com, cnn.com etc—go to the given websites------reading practice
VII. Useful Websites • Language Knowledge & Skills 1. www.english.ac.cn英语之声 2. www.esl-lab.com Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab 3. www.eslcafe.com Dave Sperling’s ESL Cafe • www.eric.edu Educational Resources Info Center 8.www.enteacher.cn 9. www.ell.net etc.
B. Cultures 1. www.cnn.com 2. www.bbc.net 3.The websites of the English speaking countries’s embassies through goggle search engines etc. 4. www.ipl.org/reading/books/网上图书馆 5. www.aitech.ac.jp/-iteslj/ C. Teaching & Research(Learning & Teaching Strategies) 1. www.accesseric.org/resources免费教案 2. www.eric.syr.edu/virtual/lessons
3.www.eol.com.cn 中国教育在线 4. www.teacher.edu.cn中国园丁网 5. www.k12.com.cn中国基础教育网 6. www.pep.com.cn人教社 7. www.hongen.com洪恩在线
D. Movies & Dramas websites: • www.oscar.com奥斯卡英文网 • www.ziyue.com子曰英文剧本 • www.owl.teacher.xjtu.edu.cn环球影视
The End Thanks A Lot