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Other Key Physical Geography Terms

Other Key Physical Geography Terms

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Other Key Physical Geography Terms

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  1. Other Key Physical Geography Terms

  2. Terms Associated With the Ocean • Archipelago • Bay • Cape • Channel • Currents • Gulf • Fjord • Harbor • Sea • Sound

  3. ARCHIPELAGO: A group of, or chain of, islands

  4. BAY: A body of water that extends into a shoreline, smaller than a gulf

  5. CAPE: A point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean

  6. CHANNEL: A wide waterway between two landmasses

  7. CURRENTS: Streams of cold or warm water that move through the ocean

  8. GULF: A body of water that extends into a shoreline, bigger than a bay

  9. FJORD: A long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between steep slopes of land

  10. HARBOR: A sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor New York Sydney

  11. SEA: A large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land

  12. SOUND: A large body of water between a coastline and a large island

  13. Terms Associated With the Continents • Basin • Delta • Divide • Environment • Isthmus • Peninsula • Tributary • Volcano

  14. BASIN: Area of land that water flows into, but not out of

  15. DELTA: A triangular-shaped section of land near the mouth of a river

  16. DIVIDE: Stretch of high land that separates river systems

  17. ENVIRONMENT: The surroundings in which any living thing operates

  18. ISTHMUS: Narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas

  19. PENINSULA: Body of land jutting into water, and surrounded on three sides by water

  20. TRIBUTARY: A small river or stream that flows into a larger one

  21. VOLCANO: A mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside Earth

  22. Vegetation Regions Vegetation regions are natural environments that provide the stage for activities such as farming, raising livestock, and producing timber. They include: 1. Forests 3. Deserts 2. Grasslands 4. Tundra

  23. DECIDUOUS TREES Lose their leaves yearly CONIFEROUS TREES Have cones and may also be called evergreens

  24. GRASSLANDS are mostly flat regions, dotted with a few trees, and known by different names. In tropical areas they are called Savannas, and in temperate regions are called Steppes.

  25. The World’s Major Grasslands

  26. Plants that can conserve water and withstand heat dot the DESERT landscape. Examples include cacti, shrubs, or sagebrush.

  27. The World’s Major Deserts

  28. Plants that hug the ground are best adapted to survive the cold, dry TUNDRA climate. Examples include mosses and lichen.

  29. Earth’s Tundra Regions