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Poetry Crash Course

Poetry Crash Course

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Poetry Crash Course

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  1. Poetry Crash Course IB/AP English 12

  2. 3 Groups • 1. Dramatic poetry: when speaker/character of poem speaks to someone else who may respond, but usually responses are not part of poem • “The Flea” • 2. Narrative poetry: poems that tell a story with elements of plot • Epics: The Inferno; The Odyssey; Beowulf • 3. Lyric poetry (lyrics): a poem that expresses one central thought or emotion • Many forms fall into this genre

  3. Ballads • Can be narrative and/or dramatic poems • Characteristics: • Question and answer format • Refrain • Omitted details • Supernatural elements • Sensational or tragic subject matter

  4. Lyric Forms • Ode - • Elegy • Aubade – a poem or song on mourning that praises it or dismisses it as unimportant • Sestina • Villanelle • Epigram • Sonnets

  5. Sonnet Forms • Italian/Petrarchan • An octave: abbaabba • A sestet: cdecde • English/Shakespearean • Three quatrains: abab cdcd efef • A couplet: gg

  6. Sonnet Techniques • Each quatrain presents one idea in relation to topic • Ending couplet usually presents the theme • Blason = an ordered poem of praise, organized detail by detail • Turn/volta = A shift in focus or thought; the speaker is “turning” from one thing to another • Usually there is one, significant turn

  7. Time Periods/Movements • Anglo-Saxon • Middle Ages • Renaissance • Restoration • Romantic • Victorian • Modern

  8. Important Poetic Movements before Modernism • Carpe Diem Poetry (Renaissance) • Andrew Marvell • Metaphysical Poetry (Renaissance) • John Donne • Romantic Poetry • William Wordsworth

  9. Meter • Iamb • Trochee • Anapest • Dactyl • Spondee

  10. Feet = units of measurement • Dimeter • Trimeter • Tetrameter • Pentameter

  11. Put it Together & What Do You Get? • Iambic tetrameter • Dactylic pentameter • Anapestic hexameter, etc.

  12. Line Groupings • Rule #1 has a particular rhyme scheme • Rule #2 each line has the same meter • Couplet • Sestet • Octave • Quatrain