MEDC Earthquake Case Study: Fukushima, Japan 2011 By Vicki and Ben
Background Information. • The earthquake occurred on the 11th of March 2011. • It measured 9.0 in the Richter scale. • It was the largest recorded earthquake ever to hit Japan. • An estimated 15,500 people died.
Causes. • Fukushima lies on a destructive plate boundary. • The two plates that caused the earthquake are the Pacific and Eurasian. • In Japan, pressure built up and on 11th March 2011 this pressure was released as a very strong earthquake and a Tsunami with waves of 30 m high, travelling at speeds of 800 Kilometres per hour, which is the same as the ground speed of a jumbo jet.
Consequences. • 2 Million people’s homes were destroyed as a result of the Tsunami. • A dam in the north of Fukushima burst its banks, which caused widespread damage • Power lines, gas and water services were severely disrupted, as the earthquake ruptured under-ground cables and pipes. • The Public telephone system was knocked out, with no signal for mobile phones and internet.