Chapter 9 Summary of First and Second Declension Noun-Adjective Agreement Present Imperative
Today’s Learning Targets • Thoroughly understand 1st and 2nd declensions and be able to explain what part of speech goes into each case. • Learn what the IMPERATIVE form of the verb tells us and how to write and understand this form. • Be able to show an understanding of noun-adjective agreement by correctly declining noun adjective pairs.
Declensions On a half sheet of paper, write your name, then list some differences between 1st and 2nd declensions. Also list some similarities between the two declensions. (No more than 2 minutes!) Please share some of these.
1st DeclensionWhat part of speech goes in each case? Nominative -a -ae Genitive -ae -arum Dative -ae -is Accusative -am -as Ablative -a -is Can you sing the declension ending song (Camptown Races)?
2nd Declension Nominative-us -i Genitive -i -orum Dative -o -is Accusative -um -os Ablative -o -is Can you sing this declension ending song?
Noun-Adjective AgreementSay the ‘adjective rule’ as a class. via bona viae bonae viae bonae viarum bonarum viae bonae viis bonis viam bonam vias bonas via bona viis bonis
Look at this noun-adjective pair. Is this correct? Why or why not? nauta bonus nautae boni nautae boni nautarum bonorum nautae bono nautis bonis nautam bonum nautas bonos nauta bono nautis bonis The ending for the noun will come from the 1st declension chart and the adjective’s endings will come from the 2nd declension chart.
Present Imperative What does it mean when someone tells you, “It is imperative that you do this.”? An imperative, then, would be a command or a direction. It is something you must do.
Imperatives in Latin To give one person a command or direction, use the present stem form of the verb. This stem is formed from what principal part? How do you get the stem? (Note – to get the stem, you remove the –re ending from the 2nd principal part). To give a command to 2 or more people, add -te to the singular imperative.
Be Careful REMEMBER – when something is IMPERATIVE, you must do it. It is a command (or direction). Stop and think about the meaning you know, to help avoid confusion with similar sounding words!
Ticket Out the Door • On the back of your paper, decline this noun-adjective pair: famous farmer (Can someone tell us the Latin word for famous? For farmer? Does the word ‘farmer’ fit into our exception group? Be careful!) • Turn in as you head out the door.