muhammad and the growth of islam n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Muhammad and the Growth of Islam PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Muhammad and the Growth of Islam

Muhammad and the Growth of Islam

717 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Muhammad and the Growth of Islam

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Muhammad and the Growth of Islam Lesson 10-3

  2. The Prophet Muhammad • Born in Mecca on the Arabian peninsula • Raised by relatives after his parents died; became a trader • Had a revelation or vision from Allah (God) telling him he would be his prophet • Islam, (“submitting to God’s will”) a religion based on the revelations given to Muhammad grows • A Muslim, or follower of Islam, believes that the Qur’an is God’s word and Muhammad is his messenger.

  3. The Holy Quran • Muslims believe the Qur’an is the direct word of Allah revealed to Muhammad • The Quran is written and read in Arabic and is about as long as the Christian New Testament.

  4. Mecca and Medina • In 622 Muhammad goes to Medina and sets up the first Muslim community. • Muhammad’s journey to Medina is called theHijrah • 622 is the start of the Muslim calendar • Mecca is a holy city for Muslims all over the world today.

  5. The Five Pillars of Islam • Testimony of FaithThere is no god but God or Allah, and Muhammad is His messenger or prophet. • Daily PrayerPray 5x each day in the direction of the holy city of Mecca. • Charity Give money to the poor. • FastingNo food or drink from dawn until dusk during the holy month of Ramadan - the 9th month of the Muslim calendar. • Pilgrimage Travel to the holy city of Mecca at least once during one’s lifetime.

  6. Hajj • Muslims make a spiritual journey called a pilgrimage (or hajj) to visit the Kaaba in Mecca. • According to the Quran, the Kaaba (black cube) was made by Abraham.

  7. Death of the Prophet • Muhammad died in 632 and rose into heaven from a holy rock where Jews believe Abraham prepared the sacrifice of his son, Isaac in Jerusalem. On this site Muslims built a mosque called the Dome of the Rock. DOME OF THE ROCK, Jerusalem

  8. Spread of Islam

  9. The Muslim World • Major groups of Muslims: Sunnis and Shi’ites • Most Muslims are Sunnis (85%) • Shi’ites are the majority in Iraq and Iran

  10. Sunnis vs. Shi’ites • Sunnis(85%) • The caliph (Muslim leader) may be elected from the Muslim community. • Shi’ites (Shia) (15%) • The caliph (Muslim leader) must be a descendant of the family of Muhammad • This basic belief has caused many disagreements between the Sunnis and Shi’ites for many years.

  11. A Muslim Mosque • Muslims had a strong interest in art. • A mosque, or Muslim house of worship is considered a work of art. • They are often decorated with geometric designs and verses from the Qur’an.

  12. Muslim Architecture The towers of a mosque are where the call to prayer is heard each day.

  13. Jerusalem – A Holy City • Jews, Christians, and Muslims consider Jerusalem a holy city. • Abrahamic Tradtion • All three groups trace their monotheistic heritage to Abraham. • Jews pray at the Western Wall ; the last remaining wall of the ancient Jewish temple. • Muslims visit the Dome of the Rock (Site of Muhammad’s journey to heaven and sacrifice of Isaac. • Christians visit the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, built on the site where Jesus was crucified and buried. • Today, Jerusalem is the capital of the nation of Israel.

  14. The Ottoman Empire • In 1453 Muslim Turks, the Ottomans, captured Constantinople ending the Byzantine Empire. • The Ottomans then conquered much of the territory held by the Byzantines. • The rule of the Ottoman Empire united much of the Muslim world under one ruler.

Similar Documents