The Knights Templar and The Holy Grail Miguel Ureña Georgina Pérez Lucianne Martinez Larissa Molina
Introduction • The Knights Templar • The persons who composed this group • The crusades • The Holy Grail • The Locations that they habited
Who were the Knights Templar? • Within two decades of the victory of the first crusade (1095-1099) a group of knights led by Hugues de Payens offered themselves to the Patriarch of Jerusalem to serve as a military force. • This group often said to be nine in number had the mandate of protecting Christian pilgrims who were en route to the Holy Land to visit the shrines sacred to their faith. • At that time the Church was very supportive of the Knights. Their properties were exempt from taxes were heaped all kinds of favors, not subject to jurisdiction and did not even have to pay church tithes so common at that time.
Hierarchy • The Grand Master- Supreme authority of the Templar Order. • Seneschal- The right hand of the Grand Master . • The Marshal- The templar in charge of war and anything that was related to it. • Under Marshal- In charge of the foot men and equipment. • Standard Beamer- In charge of the squires. • Draper- Charge in all of the templar's garments and linen.
Few of the Grand Masters who leaded the Templar’s • Hugues De Payens • Jacques De Moley • Jacques Bernard de Molaj • John Larmenius
The Templar's and the Crusades • The Crusades wherea series of military campaign during the time of medieval England, against the Muslims of the middle east. • Christian fought to get Jerusalem back while the Muslims fought to keep Jerusalem.
What is the Holy Grail? • The Holy Chalice • Difference between the Grail and the Chalice • Another term search for The Holy Grail is: Sangrial =Sangreal which means “Royal blood” • “ No unmarried man can be a teacher”. • To presence the Holy Grail • Fully realized by those who prepare themselves spiritually • Role played by Joseph of Arimathea? • The legend of The Grail
Accusations • On Friday, October 13, 1307 King Philip IV of France ordered de Molay and scores of other French Templar’s to be simultaneously arrested. • They were charged with numerous offenses (including apostasy, idolatry, heresy, obscene rituals and homosexuality, financial corruption and fraud, and secrecy). • Many of them confessed to these charges under torture
Pope Clement called for papal hearings to determine the Templar’s guilt or innocence, and once freed of the Inquisitors' torture, many Templar’s recanted their confessions. Some had sufficient legal experience to defend themselves in the trails, but in 1310 Philip blocked this attempt, using the previously forced confessions to have dozens of Templar’s burned at the stake in Paris.
Localizations • The Templar Round Church in London. (where it was found that Jesus Christ was buried following his crucifixion in Golgotha. • Castle of Almourol in Portugal • Cyprus ( In the Mediterranean Sea) • Oak Island In Nova Scotia. • Round Church of Lanleff in Brittany France • Trinity Church on Wall Street in New York.
Cyprus Island One of the locations of the Knights Templar.
The Seal of the knights The reverse of the traditional seal (down left) depicted the dome of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, although many have erroneously claimed that it is the Dome of the Rock. The image on the right shows the seal of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
It means “in this sign you shall conquer” • Was used by Constantine as a military motto in the early 4th Century. • The phrase was also used by the original Knights Templar military order that was founded during the Crusades.
Reference www.thetemplarshistory.com www.youtube.com www.google.com The Da Vinci Code – Author Dan Brown