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The Knights Templar

The Knights Templar

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The Knights Templar

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  1. The Knights Templar Forged By: Maggie the Great, Maria the Kind, Paige the Royal

  2. Movies

  3. Crusades • In 1096 Pope Urban II launched a military expedition to take the Christian Holy Land from Muslims (and their ruler Saladin) • By 1100 Crusaders owned land from Sinai Peninsula to Northern Syria • Pilgrims made journey to holy places believing the Crusaders could help them • Many knights lost their lives throughout the crusades

  4. Templars beginnings • A group of 9 knights presented themselves to Huges de Payens to start the order • Took vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience yet were devoted to war (got fear and respect) • Slow start couldn’t get many people to help • After 1126 they got support and were one of the wealthiest groups • 1165 built a string of castles • Didn’t retreat unless they were outnumbered 3 to 1

  5. A New Perspective • Bernard of Clairvaux helped the Templars with their financial situation • Turks were violent and on constant attack • Mainly fought Muslim groups to protect pilgrims • The knights came from all across Europe- very diplomatic • Holy war- new concept at the time • Main structure built in Jerusalem built supposedly where Solomon’s temple was • Equally dedicated to prayer and holy duties as war • Took a vow of poverty, though Knights of Templar were wealthy

  6. Money (During their Peak) • Templars were very wealthy • Princes in fact even owed money to the Templars • This money gave them power – Rome’s power over them was rarely enforced

  7. Templar Dress • Wore red cross to recognize them as Templars

  8. What were they? • 1streligious military order • Held meetings in secret, secretive possessions • Poor Fellow – Soldiers of Christ • Knights of Templar-Knights of the Temple

  9. Downfall of Templars • Muslim enemies pushed them out of Jerusalem • Templars fought to their deaths • Now that Holy Land was out of their hand they retreated to Europe – made Europe’s Kings nervous • New Templar center of power = France • Phillip the IV of France • Needed Money and concerned by Templar’s power • Wanted them taken out, but couldn’t do it without Pope’s consent and permission • Took out 2 popes than put in a pope that wouldn’t get in his way • Friday April 13th Phillip Constables confiscated all Templar property and arrested all Templars

  10. How the Knights Live On • Templar knights have become something of secrecy, due to their hardened reputation • Coincide with church of FreeMasons • Today they are a service organization in the United States • Many practices (such as banking) influence our practices of today

  11. Bibliography • http://faculty.smu.edu/bwheeler/Ency/templar.html • Knight By Christopher Gravett • History Channel In Search of History: Knights Templar • http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/knights-templar-history.htm