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World War II

World War II

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World War II

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  1. World War II The most significant event of the 20th Century!

  2. Causes of World War II • Hitler, Mussolini, and Tojo did not cause World War II. • The Treaty of Versailles which ended World War I is the chief cause of World War II.

  3. Other Causes of WWII • Germany was poor and humiliated. • The Worldwide depression made life bad for everyone, but especially Germany. • Italy, Germany, and Russia turned to fascist leaders who promised to restore national wealth and pride.

  4. Divided and Weak Government in Germany, Chaos in the Streets! Von Hidenburg chooses Hitler to be Chancellor in 1933.

  5. Hitler becomes “the fuehrer” when Hindenburg dies!

  6. German Socialist Workers Party, the Nazis, a Midnight Parade!

  7. Europe on the Brink of War • In 1934, Adolph Hitler announced a program of rearming Germany which was a violation of the Treaty of Versailles. • In Italy, Benito Mussolini was also building a powerful military force. • Many American adults belonged to peace organizations and were determined never again to enter a foreign war.

  8. World War II • World War II, or the Second World War, was a worldwideconflict which lasted from 1939 to 1945. • World War II was the combination of two conflicts, one starting in Asia as the Second Sino-Japanese War, and the other beginning in Europe with the invasion of Poland. • This global conflict split a majority of the world's nations into two opposing camps: the Allies and the Axis. Spanning much of the globe, World War II resulted in the deaths of over 60 million people, making it the deadliest conflict in human history. • World War II was the most widespread war ever experienced, mobilizing over 100 million soldiers from 61 nations. • As a result of World War II, the United States and Soviet Union emerged as the world's two leading superpowers, dominating the world's stage for the next 40 years.

  9. The Axis Germany Hitler Italy Mussolini Japan Tojo

  10. Joseph Stalin Winston Churchill FDR – Franklin D. Roosevelt Charles de Gaulle Chaing Kai-shek The Allies USA (joined the war in 1941), USSR, China, Great Britain, and France

  11. War in Europe • Roosevelt, while not an isolationist, was determined to keep America out of the European war. • March 1938: Hitler takes the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia and later overruns the entire country. • August 1939: Germany and Russia sign non-aggression pact; Germany attacks Poland, making the official beginning of World War II as France and Britain were treaty-bound to come to the aid of Poland.

  12. Appeasement • giving Hitler what he wants to avoid war • The Rhineland • Austria • The Sudetenland • Czechoslovakia • Neville Chamberlain • Prime Minister of Great Britain 1930’s

  13. WW II EuropeRed countries are Allied or Allied-controlled. Blue is Axis or Axis controlled countries, and the Soviet Union is colored greenprior to joining the Allies in 1941.

  14. Poland Falls! On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. The Polish army expected the attack to come along the Polish frontiers, but Hitler introduced a new kind of war called a blitzkrieg, which means “lightning war.” Waves of German bombers targeted railroads, which crippled Polish military mobilization. Hundreds of tanks smashed through Polish defenses and rolled deep into the country. The Poles fought hard, but on September 17, the Soviet Union invaded their country from the east. By the end of the month, Poland had fallen.

  15. Germans invade France!June 1940

  16. The French are defeated!!!

  17. With the Fall of France in June 1940: 3 Frances are created! • Occupied France • Vichy France • Free France

  18. Hitler’s Invasion of Russia – Operation Barbarossa June 22, 1941 A potentially easy victory except for General Winter!

  19. The U.S. and Lend-Lease • Before 1941, the United States stayed out of World War II. • President Roosevelt worked out a deal called lend-lease, which allowed him to give weapons to any countries on the Allied side (including tanks, airplanes, and ships).

  20. Propaganda • Propaganda is information presented in an attempt to influence people. • 3 Types • testimonial – quoting or paraphrasing an authority or celebrity to support one’s own argument • generalization – a statement that suggests all members of a group are the same in some way • scare tactics – the threat that if you do not do or believe something, something terrible will happen

  21. G E N E R A L I Z A T I O N

  22. G E N E R A L I Z A T I O N

  23. G E N E R A L I Z A T I O N

  24. G E N E R A L I Z A T I O N

  25. Scare Tactic

  26. Scare Tactic

  27. Scare Tactic

  28. Then came the attack on Pearl Harbor!!!

  29. Pearl Harbor • Pearl Harbor, Hawaii was home to the American Pacific Fleet in 1941. • Japan, in retaliation for the economic stance of the U.S. in terms of material sales and trade, launched a surprise attack on the base on December 7. • This action unified the country and threw America into World War II.

  30. December 7th 1941

  31. Isoroku Yamamoto planned the December 7th attack on Pearl Harbor. FDR asks for a declaration of War on December 8, 1941. FDR "Day of Infamy" Speech

  32. Above -- U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the declaration of war against Japan, December 8, 1941. (Photo credit: U.S. National Archives)

  33. Basic Allied Strategy: • win the battle of supply • stop the Axis advance • defeat Hitler first

  34. Normandy The Longest Day Life expectancy in the first wave: 26 seconds!

  35. Normandy Invasion,D-Day (June 6, 1944)

  36. Paris Liberated August 1944!

  37. Pulitzer Prize Winning Photograph of the US Marines Raise the Flag on Mt. Surabachi The Battle for the Island of Iwo Jima!

  38. The first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6, 1945, during World War II. The blast killed an estimated 60,000 to 70,000 people, according to United States estimates. The second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, another city in Japan.

  39. The Atomic Bomb!

  40. World War II Changes the World! • atomic age begins • jets, computers, and rockets invented • radar and sonar • penicillin, sulfa, and antibiotics • imperialism and colonialism end • USA & USSR emerge as Superpowers • Cold War begins • Holocaust and the death of 6 million Jews