Disaster Management in Education - National Perspective GoI – UNDP, DRM Programme
Disasters both manmade and natural have affected mankind since time in memorial
Some recent disasters….. • Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005 • Earthquake and tsunami in the Indian coast - 2004 • Gujarat Earthquake - 2001 • Floods in Mumbai, West Bengal • Cyclone: Rita, Wilma etc….. • Fire: Kumbakonam, Dabwali • Terrorist attack: Chechnya And the list goes on and on……………
Disasters occur in varied formsSome are predictable in advanceSome are annual or seasonal Some are sudden and unpredictableFloods Days and weeks Earthquakes Seconds/minutes Cyclones Days Droughts Months
57% of the land area is prone to Earthquakes • 12% to Floods • 8% to Cyclones • 70% of the cultivable land is prone to drought • 85% of the land area is vulnerable to number of natural hazards • 22 states are prone to multi hazards. WHY? And WHAT about Man made Disasters?
Tenth Five Year Plan emphasizes on: • Planning for safer national development • Disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness measures • Capacity building • Training and education at all levels
4 Major areas of concern are: • Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum • Disaster management, awareness and preparedness in schools. • Safety of school from natural hazards – structural and non structural. • Preparation of the Disaster Management Plans at school level
What is a safe school? • A safe school is either a school which is located in a hazard free area, or one that has been constructed to withstand the hazard to which it is exposed. • A safe school will not collapse or get affected if a disaster happens.
Government of India initiatives:1)Inclusion of disaster management in school curriculum • The process was initiated with a set of recommendations to be put in place by the state govt. from Home Secretary to the Chief Secretaries of the states- one of them being DM in EDUCATION. • Introduction of DM in Class VIII, IX and X as part of the frontline curriculum by CBSE. • Many of the state Boards have already introduced DM in school syllabi.
Syllabus • Class VIII • Being prepared – a vital part of disaster management • Earthquakes • Cyclones • Floods • Droughts and • Manmade Disasters
Class IX • Being a disaster manager – Understanding key terms. • Components of disaster management • Introduction to disaster risk management – Understanding disaster mitigation. • Specific hazards and mitigation. • Earthquake, landslide, food, cyclone and drought • Preventing common manmade disasters • Fire, rail and road accidents, terrorist attacks
Class X • Introduction • Tsunami - the killer sea wave • Survival skills • Alternative communication systems….during disasters. • Safe constructional practices • Sharing responsibilities • Planning Ahead
Class XI – (Sociology and Geography)Sociology • Introduction • Child rights and emergencies • Gender and Disaster Management • Role of Community in disaster Management • Role of Local Level institutions in Disaster Management
Class XI - Geography • Introduction to concepts • Flood • Cyclone • Earthquake • Tsunami • Landslide
2) Disaster management - awareness and preparedness in schools. • Teachers training programme • 33 teachers’ trained so far by CBSE • Training of teachers by the States. Disaster Management NOT a subject but………….. A NECESSARY LIFE SKILL
School safety weeks and months observed Training on Self Defence by Civil Defence in NP Girls Senior Secondary School.
3) Preparation of School DM plans • Schools to prepare DM plans based on the hazard that they are vulnerable to. • More than 500 plans have been prepared
Steps for preparation of DM Plans • Sensitisation meeting for awareness Teachers, School Management and students. • Formation of School Disaster Management Committee • School principal • Vice principal • Sub Divisional Magistrate of the area • DEO (District Education Officer) • President of Parents Teachers Association • Parents (1-2) • Local Medical Officer • Market trader association • Fire Officer • Police • Members of Civil Society (NCC,NSS, Red Cross, Scouts and Guides) • 4 Students
Steps for preparation of DM Plans (cont…) • 3. Hazard identification • History of disasters • Identification of potential hazard • Preparation of seasonality calendar • 4. Inventory of resources • 5. Mapping • Social Mapping • Resource Mapping • Vulnerability / Risk Mapping • Safe and Opportunity Mapping
Social Mapping - Schools • Class rooms in the school building • Laboratories • Play Ground • School Canteen • Library
Resource Map - Schools • Human resources • School Buses • Generators • Fire extinguishers • Stretchers • Drinking water sources • Health Centre in the school
Vulnerability/ Risk Map - School • Children in pre- school and primary section • Physically challenged • Identification of potentially vulnerable areas in the school
Safe and Alternate route Mapping • Identification of safe places in the school • Alternative staircases/ routes to be identified
6. School DM Team Early Warning Team School teacher Student (3 nos. most communicative) Activity/ Event Organising Team Disaster management teacher Art and Craft teacher Music teacher Prefects/ active students
School DM Team: Search and Rescue Sports teachers Male teacher Prefect (students 2nos) Evacuation All class teachers
School DM Team…….. • First Aid team • Resident doctor of the school/medical consultant • Teachers 2nos. • Students 2 numbers (10th / 12th class)
Disaster DM Team…. Fire safety Teachers (2 numbers) Students (4 numbers, 10th class) Site security team School security staff Teacher (1 numbers) Students (2 numbers)
7. Training of School Disaster Management Teams Search and Rescue First Aid Trauma Counseling Fire fighting
9. Mock Drill Drills to be carried out twice a year Drills should be hazard specific
10. Plan Updation Plans to be updated every six months Plan to be approved by the Disaster Management Committee
NCERT initiatives • Development of training modules for the teachers and teacher educators’. • Safety in Schools • Midday meals • Health, well being and safety of students
Safety of School buildings • Focus on structural and non-structural safety.
Mexico Earthquake School Building
Because books represent a considerable mass, strong anchorage and bracing of the shelves in both main directions is necessary
A glance into this side street reveals a vast amount of fallen façade materials. Rescue work, fire trucks access, etc. is seriously hampered.
Bicycle rickshaw driver taking children home after School. New Delhi. • Making Schools Safer Before the Next Disaster Strikes