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  1. Federalists

  2. The Articles of Confederation

  3. Shay’s Rebellion

  4. How will America remedy the situation?

  5. The Federalist Papers • 1. What were the Articles of Confederation? Generally, what was their weakness? • 2. Definition of the "federalists" • 3. What were the anti-federalists afraid of?

  6. The Federalist Papers • Publius • Alexander Hamilton • John Jay • James Madison

  7. Alexander Hamilton

  8. James Madison

  9. John Jay

  10. What issues were covered in the Federalist Papers? • Energy • Union • Delegated Authority • Separation of Powers • Checks & Balances • Federal Government • Republican Government

  11. Federalist Paper 51--James Madison If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place, oblige it to control itself. • Which of the following statements would Madison agree with based on his views in the above excerpt? • a. Government is necessary. • b. The people should elect government leaders who act like angels. • c. Elected government officials should be controlled by a system of "checks and balances." • What would you say was Madison's general opinion of people in government: angels? devils? something else?

  12. Federalist Paper 10 – James Madison Questions on Madison's Federalist Number 10: • What are factions, according to Madison and where does he write of them? • What are the causes of faction, according to Madison? • What is the primary object of government, according to Madison? • Where do the rights of property originate, according to Madison? • What is the most common and durable source of faction, according to Madison? • How could we cure the "mischiefs of faction," according to Madison? • Why are these remedies worse than the disease, according to Madison? • What is Madison's solution for controlling the effects of factions? • What is a republic, what is a pure democracy, and how do they differ? • How does a republic inhibit the effects of factions, according to Madison?

  13. Federalist Paper 51 – James Madison Questions on Madison's Federalist Number 51 • What are the three branches of government? • Which branch did Madison think would be the weakest? • Which methods does Madison suggest to check the powers of government? • How is the separation of powers between the three branches assured? • Give two examples of the "checks and balances" in the U.S. constitutional system. • Which branch appears as an exception to the separation of powers norm? Why is this exception not dangerous? • What is federalism? • What are the two great advantages of federalism, according to Madison? • What is the "end" (supreme goal) of government, according to Madison? • What is Madison's view of human nature and how does it affect his prescriptions for the republic?