Federalists v. Anti-Federalists Bill of Rights Institute August 06, 2007 Artemus Ward Department of Political Science Northern Illinois University & Modified by Mrs. Christy, WYHS
Who Were the Federalists? • Alexander Hamilton • James Madison • John Jay • Wrote the Federalist Papers
Who Were the Anti-Federalists? • George Mason • Patrick Henry • Thomas Jefferson
Anti-Federalist • Opposed to stronger national government • Opposed to standing military • Opposed to central government power to tax • Opposed to a Supreme Court • Wanted a Bill of Rights • Constitution had no mention of God
The Two-Party System • Federalism • Federalist • Favored a broad interpretation of the Constitution & strong nat’lgov’t • Anti-Federalist (Democratic-Republican Party) • Strict interpretation of the Constitution & state’s rights
Further Reading • The Federalist and Anti-Federalist papers have been collected in numerous forms including cheap paperback versions and now on-line for free. • Some Secondary Sources: • Amar, Akhil Reed. 2005. America's Constitution: A Biography. New York: Random House. • Chernow, Ron. 2004. Alexander Hamilton. New York: Penguin Books. • Storing, Herbert J. 1981. What the Anti-Federalists Were For: The Political Thought of the Opponents of the Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.