Part Two Background Information ENTER
Background Information Contents • Author • Fantasy and Fable • The Caribbean • Germ Warfare
I. Author Lord Dunsany (July 24, 1878—October 25, 1957) was an Irish writer and dramatist. His full name was Edward John Moreton Drax Plunkett, 18th Baron Dunsany. To be continued on the next page.
I. Author • Lord Dunsany was educated at Eton College and Sandhurst. He served as an officer during the Boer War and World War I. He was a keen huntsman, and sportsman, and was at one time the chess and pistol champion of Ireland. • His fame arose, however, from his prolific writings of short stories, novels, plays and poetry, reportedly mostly written with a quill pen. To be continued on the next page.
I. Author His writings: The work of Lord Dunsany must be the foundation of any good library of fantasy and science fiction. His most notable fantasy short stories include:The Gods of Pegana, The Book of Wonder, The Man Who Ate the Phoenix etc. His significance within the genre of fantasy writing is considerable. To be continued on the next page.
I. Author Quote of the author: Logic, like whiskey, loses its beneficial effect when taken in too large quantities. To be continued on the next page.
I. Author Books of the author At the Edge of the World The Book of Wonder The Fourth Book of Jorkens The end of Author.
Fantasy II. Fantasy and Fable • It is a situation imagined by an individual or group, which does not correspond with reality but expresses certain desires or aims of its creator. To be continued on the next page.
Fantasy II. Fantasy and Fable • Fantasies typically involve situations which are impossible (such as the existence of magic powers) or highly unlikely (such as world peace). • In literature fantasy is a form of fiction, usually novels or short stories. To be continued on the next page.
Fantasy II. Fantasy and Fable • As a genre, fantasy is both associated and contrasted with science fiction and horror fiction. • “Fantasy” seems reserved for fiction that features magic, brave knights, damsels in distress, mythical beasts, and quests. To be continued on the next page.
Fable II. Fantasy and Fable • A fable is a short story or folk tale with a moral at the end. It often, but not necessarily, makes metaphorical use of an animal as its central character. In some cases usage of the term has been extended to include stories with mythical or legendary elements. An author of fables is a fabulist. To be continued on the next page.
Fable II. Fantasy and Fable Notable fabulists: Notable fables: • Stone Soup • The Little Engine That Could • Jonathan Livingston Seagull • Watership Down • The Lion King • Aesop • Berechiah ha-Nakdan • Jean de La Fontaine • Ivan Krylov • Marie de France To be continued on the next page.
Modern fable II. Fantasy and Fable Features: • fabled characters of more modern archetypes • using familiar characters in an unfamiliar setting • introduce people’s characters in modern life • updated message with contemporary circumstance and plot line The end of Fantasy and Fable.
III. The Caribbean The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. These islands curve southward from the bottom tip of Florida to the Northwest of Venezuela in South America. There are at least 7,000 islands, islets, reefs and caves in the region. They are organized into twenty-five territories including sovereign states, overseas departments and dependencies. The name “West Indies” originates from Christopher Columbus’ idea that he had landed in India when he had in fact reached the Americas. The Caribbean consists of the Antilles and the Bahamas and is part of North America. The end of The Caribbean.
IV. Germ Warfare • Germ is an informal term for a disease-causing organism, particularly bacteria. • Biological warfare, also known as germ warfare, is the use of any organism (bacteria, virus or other disease-causing organism) or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war. It is meant to incapacitate or kill an adversary. __ __ To be continued on the next page.
IV. Germ Warfare Biological warfare is a cause for concern because a successful attack could conceivably result in thousands, possibly even millions, of deaths and could cause severe disruptions to societies and economies. However the consensus among military analysts is that except in the context of bioterrorism, biological warfare is militarily of little use. __ __ The end of Germ Warfare.
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