Personal Fitness Chapter 1 Why Personal Fitness?
Bell Ringer • Food Journal Entries • Take out your Personal Fitness book and read pages 4-15 • Write down 5 facts that you did not know while you are reading • Day 2 • Take out your 5 facts from yesterday • Food Journal Entries
Essential Questions • Why is fitness a state and national concern? • What is the state of fitness in America? • What are the definitions of: Health, Wellness and Physical Fitness? • What are some factors that determine your level of fitness? • What are the skill related components of physical fitness? • What is the relationship between fitness and lifestyle?
Fitness Habits of Students • Those who are active as children tend to be active as adults • Nearly half of youths (ages 12-21) are not vigorously active on a regular basis • About 14% report NO physical activity or a sedentary life style • Most teens have poor eating habits. Why? • Therefore, teens’ blood pressure are higher today • The percentage of overweight teens have tripled since the late 1970’s
Fitness in America • The good news is that Americans are aware of how important fitness is • The bad news is that not enough Americans are doing something about it • Only 10% of adults are doing the recommended amount of daily activity • See leading causes of death chart on page 7 • 3 leading causes of death in the U.S. – Cancer, Heart Attack and Stroke • Leading cause of death for teenagers - Accidents
What Do They Mean? • Health – a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being that enables you to function at an optimal level in many areas of your life. • Wellness – is another way of describing the quality of your life. It suggests that not only your health is good but you function at a high level in other areas. The essential components of wellness are: intellectual, physical, emotional, spiritual, and social. • Physical Fitness – the ability to attain certain physical attributes. The state of physical well-being that allows you to: • Perform daily activities with vigor • Reduce the risk of health problems • Establish a fitness base for participation in a variety of activities
Two Types of Physical Fitness • Health – Related: • Cardiorespiratory – activities over a long period of time • Flexibility - maximum range of motion • Muscular Strength – force on a single contraction • Muscular Endurance – continued muscle movements • Body Composition – body fat% vs. lean body tissue • Skill – Related: • Coordination – integrating body movements • Agility – change direction • Reaction Time – time needed to start a movement • Power – combination of strength and speed • Speed – how fast from one point to another • Balance – body control
Factors • Heredity • Maturation • Environment • Lifestyle/Behavior – most important for your level of fitness • Motivation • Which of these do you have control over?
Two Main Factors… • Of Lifestyle Diseases: • 1. Heredity • 2. Environment (What doe
Assignment • Behavior Change Evaluation – Answer these questions: • What are some changes that you can make in your lifestyle to achieve improved wellness? • How will you make healthy choices and fitness a part of your daily life? • With a partner • Write question and answer (the correct one only) • Pg. 17 (1-10) • Nutritional Analysis is Due tomorrow: • Fitness Pal – 5 days • Website – 1 full day, printed off
Test Day • Put your name on and pass up Nutritional Analysis • Fitness Pal: I will check for 5 days • Get out pg. 16 and 17 to be checked • Study • Test on Chapter 1