Foundations of Personal Fitness Chapter One, Lesson One Physical Activity, Exercise and Health
Welcome to Foundations of Personal Fitness! • You will learn the ABC’s of total personal fitness • Any • Body • Can
Challenges concerning your personal fitness • Assessing your level of physical fitness and progress • Making changes in personal habits • Taking responsibility for planning, developing, and maintaining a healthy active life-style • Designing a physical fitness activity that you can use now and for the rest of your life
What is Physical Activity? Any movement that works the larger muscles of the body, such as arm, leg and back muscles. What is Exercise? Physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive, and that results in improvements in fitness.
Physical activity can take several forms: • It may be recreational, as in the case of sports, dancing, swimming, weight training, and other leisure-time activities. • It may be incidental, such as doing household chores, working at a part-time job, or volunteering for a neighborhood cleanup program.
Why are Physical Activity and Exercise Important? • Regular physical activity and exercise help keep your body physically fit. • Physical fitness – the body’s ability to carry out daily tasks and still have reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands.
To achieve total or personal fitness a person should try to: • Maintain acceptable levels of physical fitness • Participate in regular physical activity • Eat nutritious foods • Sleep 8 to 9 hours each night • Have regular medical checkups • Maintain and appropriate weight • Avoid harmful substances, such as tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
Health Triangle • Physical Health • Increased energy level • Better heart/lung functioning • Improved coordination • Mental/Emotional Health • Think more clearly and concentrate • Increase in self-esteem • Social Health • Develop and maintain relationships • Work well as a part of a group Physical Health Wellness Social Health Mental/Emotional Health
Health vs. Wellness • Health • Combination of physical, mental/emotional and social well-being. • Wellness • Total health in all three areas
Physical Activity vs. Inactivity Functional Health Sedentary Lifestyle • The ability to maintain high levels of health and wellness by reducing your risks of developing health problems. • Physical activity is one way to maintain your functional health • Physically INACTIVE lifestyle • At a high risk for PROBLEMS • Heart disease • High blood pressure • Stroke • Diabetes • Certain forms of caner