CIVIL WAR BATTLES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CIVIL WAR BATTLES

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  1. CIVIL WAR BATTLES US History 122

  2. The military status in 1861 –Who’s in better shape?

  3. First Battle of Bull Run • AKA First Battle of Manassas • July 21, 1861

  4. The morning of the battle GENERAL P.G.T. BEAUREGARD – Confederates GENERAL IRWIN MCDOWELL - Union

  5. The attack at noon

  6. The Union retreats

  7. Significance of First Battle of Bull Run: • Confederates win • This leads to overconfidence and even desertion • The North realized this war would be more difficult than they had anticipated • Thomas Jackson gets the nickname “Stonewall”

  8. The Union Strategy(aka The Anaconda Plan)

  9. THE WAR IN THE EAST • Union General George McClellan begins the Peninsular Campaign in the spring of 1862 • Union troops attempt to take the Confederate capitol of Richmond, Virginia

  10. The Peninsular Campaign

  11. The Seven Days’ Battle McCLELLAN DEFEATED – PENINSULAR CAMPAIGN FAILS

  12. THE WAR ON THE RIVERS • Union General Ulysses S. Grant wins a series of battles in 1862

  13. Union wins atForts Henry and Donelson • Ft. Henry on the Tennessee River - Feb. 5, 1862 • Ft. Donelsonon the Cumberland River on Feb. 15, 1862

  14. Battle of Shiloh • April 6-7, 1862 • The Confederates won the first day • But General Grant refused to retreat • The Union won the battle • 13,000 Union and 10,000 Confederate casualties

  15. NAVAL BATTLE:Monitor vs. Merrimack -In 1861 the US navy destroyed several boats in the shipyard in Norfolk, Virginia -The CSS Merrimack was only partially burnt however

  16. The Merrimack • The Merrimack was rebuilt with an ironclad hull as the CSS Virginia • The Virginia destroyed ships in Chesapeake Bay and threatened the northern blockade

  17. The Monitor • The Union built its own ironclad in response • The USS Monitor was completed in only 100 days

  18. USS Monitor

  19. The Battle of Hampton Roads • March 9, 1862 • The 2 boats fought to a draw

  20. The Merrimack (aka Virginia) Destroyed! • Although there was no real winner of this battle, a few months later the CSS Virginia was destroyed in port

  21. Second Battle of Bull Run • August 29-30, 1862 • General Lee vs. General John Pope • Important Confederates include Stonewall Jackson and James Longstreet • The Union Army reported 16,054 men killed, wounded, or missing; Lee reported 9,197 killed, wounded, or missing. • This was a big win for the Confederates

  22. Battle of Antietam • September 17, 1862 in Maryland • Confederate General Lee vs. Union General McClellan • One of the bloodiest days of the war – Union victory

  23. The Confederates retreated, but the Union failed to follow

  24. Lincoln, McClellan, and other military leaders at the battlefield

  25. Battle of Fredericksburg • December 13, 1862 • Confederate General Lee vs. Union General Burnside • Confederate victory

  26. Battle of Chancellorsville • May 31,1863 • Confederate General Lee vs. yet another Union General -- Joseph Hooker • Confederates win • Confederate General Stonewall Jackson accidently shot and killed

  27. Attack on Ft. Wagner • 1863 • Unsuccessful, but the Massachusetts 54th proved themselves

  28. Vicksburg • Long campaign led by Gen. Grant • Siege ended July 4, 1863 • Port Hudson fell soon after and Union controlled the Mississippi