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Civil War Battles and Events

Civil War Battles and Events

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Civil War Battles and Events

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  1. Civil War Battles and Events

  2. 1. Fort Sumter • April 12, 1861 • Major Anderson • First Shots Fired • Confederates blocked shipments • Lincoln tried to send supplies • Confederates opened fire • Battle lasted two days • Nobody Died! • Lincoln Called for Volunteers

  3. 2. 1st Battle of Bull Run • July 21, 1861 • North: Irvin McDowell • South: P.G.T. Beauregard :Stonewall Jackson • First Battle • Both inexperience armies • Picnic Battle • Rebels rallied under Jackson • Union retreated into D.C. • Realized it will be a long bloody war • George McClellan put in charge of Union Army

  4. 3. Battle of Shiloh • April 6, 1862 • North: U.S. Grant • South: Albert Johnston/PGT Beauregard • First major bloodshed! • Boarder of Miss. And Tenn. • Confederate surprise attack • 2 days 23,000 killed or wounded • Union won and took large amount of the Miss. River in the next month.

  5. 4. Battle of Antietam • Sept. 17, 1862 • North: George McClellan • South: Robert E. Lee • Lee tried to attack Washington D.C. • Split his army in two • McClellan found battle plans, but delayed • Bloodiest single day of the war. • 23,000 killed or wounded • Union won and Lee retreated to Virginia

  6. 5. Battle of Fredericksburg • Dec. 13, 1862 • North: Ambrose Burnside • South: Robert E. Lee • Inspired Lee to attack North. • Burnside attacks Lee in Virginia • Lee decided to meet them outside of Fredericksburg • Confederates easily win and Burnside is replaced by Joseph Hooker

  7. Emancipation Proclamation • Lincoln ordered a decree freeing all slaves in rebel territory. • January 1, 1863 • Didn’t free any slaves at the time, but it meant slavery would be over if the Union won.

  8. 6. Battle of Chancellorsville • May 1863 • North: Joseph Hooker • South: Robert E. Lee :Stonewall Jackson • Both sides split forces • Confederates surrounded the Union armyand attacked • Hooker withdrew, but Jackson was shot by own men. • Jackson died a week later

  9. Weak Union Generals • In one year Lincoln went through three generals. • McClellan, Burnside and Hooker • George Meade was next in line

  10. 7. Battle of Gettysburg • July 1-4, 1863 • North: George Meade • South: Robert E. Lee • Turning Point of the War • Accidental meeting between Union Cavalry and Confederates looking for supplies • Lead to turning point of the war • Nearly 50,000 casualties in three days • Cemetery Ridge, Round Top, Little Round Top • Pickett’s Charge!

  11. 8. Vicksburg Siege • July 4, 1863 • North: U.S. Grant • Grant took control of important Port city on Mississippi. • 47 days of bombing • Split confederacy in two in the coming weeks.

  12. Gettysburg Address • Nov. 19, 1863 • Dedication of National Cemetery at Gettysburg. • Lincoln’s most famous political speech • Lasted only 2 minutes. • “Four Score and Seven Years Ago…”

  13. 9. Wilderness Campaign • May 5, 1864 • North: U.S. Grant • South: Robert E. Lee • First part of Union plan to end the war. • Grant attacked Lee and wouldn’t let him get away. • Six week long battle • 50,000 troops died in 30 days at one point. • Grant called a “butcher” in North

  14. 10. Sherman’s March to the Sea • North: William Tecumseh Sherman • 2nd part of plan to end the war • Take the war to the people • Sherman marched to Atlanta and then to the coast • Destroyed everything in his path and lived off the land • Turned N. through Carolinas • Break Southern will to fight • Freedom March for Slaves

  15. 11. Fall of Richmond • April, 1865 • U.S. Grant vs Lee • Battled outside Richmond at Petersburg for months. • Lee finally withdrew and Union troops marched into already burning Richmond. • Davis and government had fled already. • Union troops try to put out the fire. • Union finally took the Capital.

  16. 12. Surrender at Appomattox • North: U.S. Grant • South: Robert E. Lee • April 9, 1865 • Formal surrender of Confederate Army • Appomattox Court House, Virginia • Grant was very lenient with Lee and his troops • Tried to set peaceful precedent to end war