CIVIL WAR ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CIVIL WAR ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES
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CIVIL WAR ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES

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  1. CIVIL WARADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES NORTH • ADVANTAGES • Larger population • More industry • More resources • Better banking system • More railroad mileage • Better leader (Abraham Lincoln) • More ships • Better balance between farming • and industry • Functioning Government DISADVANTAGES Faced hostile people Southern territory unfamiliar

  2. CIVIL WARADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES SOUTH ADVANTAGES Strong popular support Familiar territory Superior military training facilities DISADVANTAGES Smaller population Few factories Less food production Fewer railroad miles Fewer ships Jefferson Davis Belief in states’ rights

  3. CIVIL WARPROBLEMS NORTH AND SOUTH • NORTH • “Peace Democrats” (also called • “Copperheads”) favored a truce • with the Confederacy • Enlistments declined • Bounties offered – failed • Draft law drew names of men • 20-45 • Could buy out of it for $300 • Draft riots took place in New • York City in July, 1863 • SOUTH • Enlistments declined • Draft law drew names of men • 18-35 to serve for 3 years • could hire a substitute • Bombing raids caused people to have • to leave their homes • Blockade caused imported goods to • disappear • Crops were destroyed, railroads were • torn apart • Clothing wore out and could not be • replaced

  4. CIVIL WARSTRATEGIES NORTH • The Anaconda Plan • Blockade the South • Split the Confederacy by gaining • control of the Mississippi River • Capture Richmond, the Confederate • capital

  5. CIVIL WARSTRATEGIES SOUTH • WIN RECOGNITION AS AN • INDEPENDENT NATION • Capture Washington, D.C. • Seize central Pennsylvania • Defend homeland until • North tired of fighting • Get Britain to pressure • North to end blockade to • restore cotton supplies

  6. CIVIL WARBATTLES, 1861-1862 1st BATTLE OF MANASSAS/ BULL RUN July 21, 1861 • - Northerners expected a quick • victory and an early end to • the war. • Residents of Washington, • D.C. came out to watch • Confederates won the battle • General Thomas Jackson • earned the title “Stonewall • Jackson at this battle

  7. CIVIL WARBATTLES , 1861-1862 BATTLE OF THE MONITOR AND MERRIMAC March 9, 1862 • first battle between two • ironclad warships; marked • new age in naval warfare • battle ended in a “draw”, • neither side won

  8. CIVIL WARBATTLES , 1861-1862 Shiloh (Tennessee) April 6, 1862 • bloodiest battle of the war to that • point • -- 1,735 Union dead • -- 7,882 Union wounded • -- 1,728 Confederate dead • -- 8,012 Confederate wounded • - Union victory

  9. CIVIL WARBATTLES , 1861-1862 ANTIETAM (Maryland) September 17, 1862 • bloodiest single day of battle • in America’s history • -- 2,010 Union dead • -- 9,416 Union wounded • -- 1,512 Confederate dead • -- 7,816 Confederate wounded • Confederate defeat which prevented • Gen. Lee from convincing Britain • to support the South

  10. CIVIL WAREMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION January 1, 1863 • Political move on the part of • Abraham Lincoln when he was • concerned the North was tiring • of war • - Freed only the slaves in the • “rebellious” states • Gave the North a new reason to • continue the war • Britain decided to withhold • recognition of the Confederacy

  11. CIVIL WARWOMEN IN WAR • ran farms and businesses • worked in factories • became teachers and government workers • served the military as nurses, messengers, • guides, scouts, smugglers, soldiers, and • spies Clara Barton, nurse in the war, eventually organized the American Red Cross