Visual Literacy and Common Core Laurie Stowell firstname.lastname@example.org DREAM: June 24, 2013
What is visual Literacy? • “Visual literacy is the reading and writing of visual texts.” – Steve Moline • A text is anything with which we make meaning. Books, websites, videos, even smiles and gestures can be thought of as texts. A visual text makes its meanings with images, or with meaningful patterns and sequences.
“Visual literacy is the ability to interpret, negotiate and make meaning from information presented in the form of an image, extending the meaning of literacy which commonly signifies interpretation of a written or printed text. Visual literacy is based on the idea that pictures can be “read” and that meaning can be communicated through a process of reading.” -John Debes
The power of images and symbols • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aThOZNFrCEM&feature=related
What is visual literacy? • For teachers: Visual literacy across the curriculum: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XQNbAtK3c3 • To discuss with students: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W2-AAoL-rpo&list=PL750A2DDED4AF9966&index=11&feature=plpp_video
Visual Literacy Authors and illustrators make choices. These choices are purposeful and convey meaning. We read and interpret the choices they make, sometimes on a conscious level and sometimes on an unconscious level. The more we can become conscious of how these choices impact our understanding, the better we are able to understand.
Maurice Sendak on illustrating • Maurice Sendak on what being an illustrator means: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-CuIdeTI9Ro
Where the Wild Things Are • Format of book: landscape vs. vertical • Choice of media (pencil and watercolor) • Tone of illustrations • Size of illustrations • Placement of illustrations • Placement of text • Pictures without text
Come away from the water Shirley • Sometimes the pictures and text have a contradictory, rather than complementary relationship
What are the functions of Illustrations? • 1. Establish setting: Twilight comes twice, Owl Moon • 2. Define and develop character: Ira sleeps over, Lilly’s purple plastic purse, No David! • 3. Reinforce text • 4. Provide a different viewpoint: Lost, Rosie’s walk • 5. Provide interesting asides: Goldilocks and the three hares
6. Extend or develop plot: Where the wild things are • 7. Establish mood -Polar Express, Dawn • 8. Provide a competing story: Come away from the water Shirley
What media are used in illustrations? • How does an artist’s choice of media impact our understanding? Why does an artist choose watercolor vs. oil paint? What does the lightness and transparency of watercolor convey vs. the heavier, more opaque oil paint? How does the choice of media support, complement and extend the story, mood, setting and characters?
Collage • Eric Carle on illustrating Brown Bear Brown Bear: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QbCOteqvdII
Paint • Oil
Gouache • This paint is watercolor with the addition of chalk and has an effect similar to tempura.
Graphic Books & Novels • Artists increasingly have made use of the visual layout and linear qualities of the art found in comic books.
Author/Illustrator Study Understanding an author and illustrator’s choices through an author/illustrator study.
Marla Frazee Mentor authors not mentor texts. (Katie Wood Ray) Authors and illustrators make choices. Consider the choices they make and why. If kids see themselves as authors and illustrators, they can’t help but learn from text and illustrations. Read “About the author” and “About the illustrator” There is a life behind the book.
About the Author/Illustrator • Interview with Marla: http://www.readingrockets.org/books/interviews/frazee/
Use language that assigns decision making to the author and illustrator: • Look at the colors Marla used. Look at the design. Do you think it took her a long time to do that? Get the students to think about Marla making the illustrations (or Sarah writing the book) • Nurture a relationship between author, illustrator and reader.
First book Marla wrote and illustrated both. • Cover title: Hand lettered
Caldecott Honor Book (as well as All the world) • Entire book is hand lettered • Finished book and editor said, “You know what would be really great?”
Marla Talks about: • All the world: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6LjyPQN7fFI • Marla and Sarah at DREAM institute 2009: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6L4HajYEhAk • All the world with author Liz Garton Scanlon: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XmE9fcRnLvE
Ask: • Why did the author chose the medium s/he did? • Does the media match the story? • What does the media convey that words cannot or how does the medium help the words convey something in particular? • Does the style of art match the story? • Does the font/lettering choice contribute?
Next steps: • How can you bring this understanding of visual literacy to your classroom and reading program? • What texts/stories would applying visual literacy enhance?
Visual literacy and CCCS • The Teaching Channel https://www.teachingchannel.org/videos?landing_page=Common+Core+Landing+Page&gclid=COWaiomb-bcCFU2CQgod_S4AOQ, has a series of videos about Common Core Standards. A good overview of the Common Core Standards is: https://www.teachingchannel.org/videos/how-to-read-common-core
California ELA Common Core Standards • Begin by looking at the Anchor Standards rather than grade level standards. • This is a more coherent and cohesive curriculum designed backwards. Each grade level spirals and builds toward the college and career standards. • Greater balance between reading (and writing) informational and literary texts. • Better integration of reading, writing, listening and speaking. • Listening and speaking standards will receive more emphasis in the new assessments. • Every content area is responsible for teaching literacy. • Digital literacy is important aspect of 21st century learning
Webb’s Depth of Knowledge (DOK) • Another change in CCCS is the use of Webb’s Depth of Knowledge rather than Bloom’s Taxonomy. • Depth of knowledge and the arts: http://www.stancoe.org/SCOE/iss/common_core/overview/overview_depth_of_knowledge/dok_arts.pdf
Anchor Standard: • Integration of knowledge and ideas CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.R.7 Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.
CCCS • 2nd: Use information from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of characters, setting or plot. • 3rd: Explain how specific aspects of a text’s illustrations contribute to what is conveyed by the words in a story. • 4th: Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text. • 5th: Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text.
Informational Text 2nd: Explain how specific images contribute to and clarify a text 3rd: Use information gained from illustrations and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text. 4th: Interpret information presented visually, orally or quantitatively and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears. 5th: Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.
Speaking Anchor standards • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.4 Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.5 Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations. • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.6 Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
Listening Anchor Standards • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively. • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.2 Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally. • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.3 Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.
CCCS ELA and Visual and Theater Arts standards Grade alike groups meet and discuss integration of CCCS ELA, visual and theater arts standards.