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  1. IWT in NER Inland Waterways Authority of India 13th April, 2012

  2. IWAI Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) was constituted in October, 1986 by an Act of Parliament for development and regulation of inland waterways.

  3. Charter of IWAI • Development and regulation of National Waterways • Advise Central Government on matters relating to IWT • Assist State Governments in development of IWT • Lay down standards for classification of inland waterways • Enter into joint ventures concerning inland shipping • Conduct research in matters relating to IWT

  4. National Waterways • So far five waterways have been declared as National waterways • NW-1, the Ganga (1620 km)- declared in 1986 • NW-2, the Brahmaputra (891 km)- 1988 • NW-3, the West Coast Canal (205 km)- 1993 • NW-4, the Godavari, Krishna and canals between Kakinada & Puducherry (1028 km)- 2008 • NW-5, the Brahmani river, Mahanadi delta & East Coast canal (588 km)- 2008 • Barak river in Assam is under consideration for declaration as NW-6 (121 km) • Indo- B’desh Protocol routes (1700 km) connect NW-1 with NW-2 and proposed NW-6


  6. mmm

  7. P P P P P P P P P NAGALAND TEJPUR SILGHAT INDO – BANGLADESH PROTOCOL ROUTES 31C Brahmaputra R. I N D I A A S S A M NW-2 36 JOGIGHOPA 37 DISPUR PANDU 31 DHUBRI 37 KOHIMA 40 SHISHUMARA DAIKHAWA SHILLONG 31 M E G H A L A Y A 51 BIHAR CHILMARI 53 Barak MANIPUR Ganga R. Surma R. ZAKIGANJ LAKHIPUR BAHADURABAD 34 IMPHAL 53 SYLHET BHANGA KARIMGANJ JHARKHAND Jamuna R. Kusiyara R. MARKULI FENCHUGANJ B A N G L A D E S H SHERPUR AJMIRIGANJ GODAGARI DHULIAN SIRAJGANJ RAJSHAHI 54 44 BHAIRABBAZAR ASHUGANJ Ganga R. Baral R. N TRIPURA BAGHABARI Meghna R.` AKHAURA ARICHA AIZWAL AGARTALA AGARTALA DHAKA MIZORAM Bhagirathi R. NW-1 NARAYANGANJ Padma R. Legend Legend Declared National waterway Proposed National waterway Protocol route Road Rail NH 2 CHANDPUR KHULNA 35 BARISAL Meghna R. WEST BENGAL CHALNA KAUKHALI 51 KOLKATA Protocol route distances MONGLA 6 Kolkata - Guwahati/Pandu ...... 1535 km Kolkata - Karimganj...................1318 km Dhulian-Rajshahi...........................78 km 41 HALDIA ANGTIHARA Hooghly R. 7 Bay of Bengal Raimangal R. Myanmar (Burma) NAMKHANA ORISSA Sunderbans

  8. Importance of IWT for NER • A cost effective & environment friendly mode • Best suited for bulk goods, ODC, Project cargo & hazardous goods • IWT offers shorter, alternative route to Lower Assam, Tripura, Mizoram & Manipur • Provides port- hinterland connectivity to entire region – Kolkata – Haldia • Access to Chittagong port by Bangladesh set to change EXIM cargo transport pattern in NER as well as Bhutan

  9. Importance of IWT for NER • 891 km stretch of Brahmaputra developed as NW 2; 121 km stretch of Barak river under consideration as NW 6 • So, about 1012 km of National Waterways likely • Another 1566 km stretch of tributaries of Brahmaputra & Barak identified in NER for development as State Waterways – Feeder routes • Kaladan multi-modal transport project set to provide alternate route through Myanmar to NER • Nagaland can get access to Myanmar through development of Tizu river link • River Brahmaputra offers immense scope for development of ‘river cruise’ & ‘eco-tourism’ in NER

  10. Status of NW-2 …. essential requirements 1. Fairway with targeted depth & width 2. Aids for 24 hrs navigation 3. Terminals with cargo handling equipment and Road- Rail link 4. Vessels First three by Govt; fourth by Private sector

  11. Status of NW- 2 Projects being implemented for making NW-2 fully functional : Fairway • Least available depth (LAD) of 2.5 m between Dhubri- Neamati (630 km); • 2.0 m between Neamati-Dibrugarh (138 km) • 1.5 m between Dibrugarh-Sadiya (123 km) • IWAI has 2 dredgers at present (1 CSD and 1 HSD) • 2 more CSD & one HSD being added in 2012-13

  12. Status of NW- 2 Navigation aids • 24 hrs navigation aids in 440km (Dhubri- Silghat), which can be extended to entire waterway depending on necessity • DGPS station set up at Jogighopa and works are nearing completion at Silghat and Dibrugarh • One more DGPS station will be set up at Dhubri • These DGPS will provide safe navigation to Inland vessels using electronic navigational charts • Fortnightly talweg survey through 6 survey vessels of IWAI; river notices being issued • Besides, pilots are provided to cargo vessels

  13. Status of NW- 2 Terminals • IWT Port Pandu • IWT Port at Pandu has been developed by IWAI as a hub for multimodal connectivity in the North-East region by investing Rs. 100 Cr. • Low level permanent jetty is operational with mechanical handling equipment • Rail connectivity (BG) completed and ready for commissioning • Road connectivity already available • High level jetty in progress • Alternate road connectivity with NH-31 for container/heavy traffic is under construction

  14. Status of NW- 2 Terminals • Floating terminals at Dhubri, Jogighopa, Tejpur, Silghat, Neamati, Bogibil (north & south banks), Dibrugarh, Panbari & Orium ghat are being maintained with pontoon and gangway • Floating terminal can be provided at other locations on need basis • Two shore cranes and five floating cranes are availble for loading/unloading of cargo at the terminals

  15. Status of NW-2 Vessel Repair Facility • A critical deficiency • IWT unit of Army; Para-military forces also face immense problems • Assam Govt’s partially completed slipway at Pandu can be completed as joint project of IWAI, GoA & GRSE

  16. Status of NW-2 Cargo Vessels • Failure of CIWTC is perhaps the biggest set back for IWT in NER • IWAI has 2/3 cargo vessels for demonstrative voyages only • IWT Directorate, Assam also has some cargo vessels but now virtually defunct • Private operators consider investment in vessels too risky - lack of assured cargo; uncertainties surrounding Indo- Bangladesh Trade & Transit Protocol

  17. Important IWT Projects • Declaration of Barak river as National Waterway • Kaladan multi modal transport project Kaladan • RO-RO terminals at Dhubri and Hatsinghimari (Phulbari) for RO-RO vessel movement • Slipway facilities at Pandu • Construction of terminals at Tejpur, Bishwanath Ghat, Oriyumghat • Study by RITES for development of State waterways

  18. Important IWT Projects • Transportation of FCI foodgrains by IWT Mode to North-East • Transportation of coal by waterway for NTPC power plant at Bongaigaon • Transportation of pipes & other cargo of ONGC & Oil India Ltd. from Kolkata to North-East • Transportation of containers by IWT mode between Kolkata and Pandu

  19. Barak river • Declaration of Barak river [Lakhipur- Bhanga stretch (121 km)] as National Waterway is in advanced stage • Cost of development – Rs 123 Cr (2011prices) • Navigational Channel of 40 m width and 1.6 m/2.0 m depth • 1 CSD unit, 1 survey launch, & 1 inspection boat are proposed for this NW • IWT terminals at Lakhipur, Silchar and Badarpur • Protocol routes connect Karimganj and Kolkata

  20. Proposed National Waterway (No 6) River Barak Bhanga Badarpur Silchar • Length –121 km • Development cost -Rs 123 Cr (at 2011 prices) • Status: Declaration in process

  21. Kaladan multi modal transport project • Project funded by MEA – total project cost could be of over Rs.1000 crore • Provides alternative connectivity of North- East with mainland India through Kaladan river & Sittwe port in Myanmar • Multi modal project: Road- IWT- Sea • IWAI as PDC did the bid process management • M/s Essar Projects appointed by MEA as main contractor for port & IWT components • Cost of work (IWT & Port): Rs 342 crore • Completion period is 3 years • Construction commenced; likely completion June 2013

  22. Aizwal I N D I A I N D I A NH 54 B A N G L A D E S H Lawngtlai Myeikwa (IM Border) Kaletwa Myanmar Paletwa Bay of Bengal Kyauktaw Sittwe

  23. RO-RO terminals at Dhubri and Hatsinghimari • Perishable cargo from Meghalaya and consumable goods for West Garo Hills are transported by road using Jogighopa bridge • RO-RO terminals at Duhubri (North Bank) and Hatsingimari (South Bank) on River Brahmaputra will provide direct connectivity between Dhubri and Meghalaya avoiding circuitous road route through Jogighopa • DPR for construction of RO-RO terminal at Dhubri at a cost of Rs 30 Crore (aprox) is in final stage • DPR for Hatsingimari will be completed by May 2012 • Action has been initiated for acquisition of land at Hatsingimari

  24. Slipway facilities at Pandu • A partially built slipway (ship repair facility) of Assam Govt’s exists at Pandu • IWAI proposes to develope this slipway on Joint management basis with IWT- Assam, Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers and IWAI. • A concept note for this project has been prepared through IL&FS and forwarded to Govt. of Assam for their views /suggestions. • Ministry of DoNER has been requested to keep a budgetary provision of Rs. 20 Cr for this project under NLCPR- Central during 2012-13

  25. Construction of other terminals • IWAI is working out the modalities for movement of FCI foodgrains for PDS through IWT to cater the needs of upper Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and adjoining areas • Terminals needs to be developed at Oryumghat, Bogibeel, Matmara, Biswanathghat and Tejpur for unloading foodgrains • State Government has been requested to acquire land at identified locations • Ministry of DoNER has been requested to keep a budgetary provision of Rs. 10 Cr for road connectivity of these IWT terminals under NLCPR- Central during 2012-13

  26. Recent Study by RITES • IWAI has recently conducted a study through RITES (July 2011) for ‘identification of potential waterways of NER’ • 23 river stretches identified • State Governments may develop these waterways using own resources/CSS /NLCPR-Central Map Details

  27. Transportation of FCI foodgrains • FCI initiated the action for transportation of 10,000 MT of foodgrain from Kolkata to Tripura via Ashuganj on a trial basis • Tender was floated during Feb 2012 which remained non-responsive due to: • Small quantity of cargo • Wrong jetty selection at Kolkata • Very high security deposit

  28. Transportation of coal • NTPC has plan to transport 0.5 MMTPA of imported coal from Bay of Bengal to Bongaigaon by IWT • To materilize this transportation terminal & loading/unloading facility at Jogighopa and last mile connectivity from Jogighopa to Bongaigaon by Government funding need to be explored • IL&FS-IDC has been requested to prepare the Feasibility Report after making field visit alongwith NTPC, Railways and IWAI officials

  29. Transportation of pipes • ONGC and Oil India Ltd. is to convey their decision for transporting their pipes and other cargo to North –East through IWT mode • ONGC & Oil India will have to give a long term commitment of cargo through IWT mode including the details of O-D points • MoU needs to be signed between IWAI and these Companies • Thereafter they have to float a tender to select the transport operator in consultation with IWAI

  30. Transportation of containers • About 80 TEUs per week traffic exists between Pandu - Kolkata • CONCOR, Kolkata inspected the IWT terminal at Pandu • Long term commitment is required from CONCOR for transportation of part of their container cargo by IWT

  31. Potential Cargo • For 34 Hydel projects (30,000 MW) in AP, MoUs signed • - Reliance, NHPC, Jindal, Athena, NEEPCO etc • Construction to continue upto 2030 • 24 million tonnes of cement and 2 million tonne of steel required upto 2027 • ODC and other cargo shall also be transported • IWT can be used for at least 40-50% of this • IWAI has signed MoU with Jindal & Reliance

  32. Project cargo for Hydel Plants in Arunachal Pradesh • For 34 Hydel projects (30,000 MW) in AP, MoUs signed - Reliance, NHPC, Jindal, Athena, NEEPCO etc • Construction to continue upto 2030 • 24 million tonnes of cement and 2 million tonne of steel required upto 2027 • ODC and other cargo shall also be transported • IWT can be used for at least 40-50% of this • IWAI has signed MoU with Jindal & Reliance

  33. Thank you

  34. Recent Study by RITES Back

  35. Back

  36. Optimising utilisation of NW2 • Indo- Bangladesh Trade & Transit Protocol which expired on 31st March 2012 renewed for one year only • Need to have IWT transit valid for duration of the entire Protocol (10 years) instead of shorter period of 1-2 years • Need to link major river ports like Jogighopa, Tejpur, Silghat, Oriyam ghat, Dibrugarh, Karimganj, Badarpur, Ashuganj with multi-modal rail & road links • Institutional strengthening of IWT setup in all NE States to utilize Central Sector Scheme for IWT

  37. Project Cargo for Palatana project in Tripura • New Port of Call at Ashuganj made movement of this project cargo feasible • 90 consignments transported from Kolkata/Haldia since March 2011

  38. IWT Protocol Route-Connectivity of Tripura Through Ashuganj N Ashuganj 46 Km Akhaura Agartala

  39. Low level jetty at Pandu Next 39

  40. Low level jetty at Pandu Back 40

  41. Cargo vessel in Brahmaputra Next 41

  42. Cargo vessel MV Rajagopalachari Back 42

  43. Dredging in river Ganga Next 43

  44. Hydraulic surface dredger in Brahmaputra back 44

  45. Back 45

  46. Next

  47. ODC movement in Brahmaputra Back

  48. 24 hrs navigation aids in Brahmaputra back 48

  49. N Legend Waterway alignment Road Rail Important places KOTTAPURAM National Waterway-3 • 17 West Coast Canal (Kottapuram – Kollam) Champakkara & Udyogamandal canals ALUVA River distance Kottapuram - Kollam 168 km Udyogamandal canal 23 km Champakkara canal 14 km Total length 205 km UDYOGAMANDAL CANAL • 49 KAKKANAD(CSEZ) KOCHI CHAMPAKKARA CANAL MARADU VAIKOM • 47 K E R A L A THANNERMUKKOM CHERTHALA LOCK CUM BARRAGE ALAPPUZHA • 220 THRIKKUNNAPUZHA THRIKKUNNAPUZHA LOCK GATE Arabian Sea KAYAMKULAM CHAVARA • 208 • Back KOLLAM