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Introduction to Geography

Introduction to Geography

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Introduction to Geography

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  1. Introduction to Geography By Arthur Getis Judith Getis Jerome D. Fellmann

  2. Chapter 9 Political Geography

  3. Overview • National Political Systems • International Political Systems • Local and Regional Political Systems

  4. National Political Systems • States, Nations, and Nation-States • The Evolution of the Modern State • Geographic Characteristics of States • Size • Shape • Location • Cores and Capitals

  5. National Political Systems (cont.) • Boundaries: The Limits of the State • Classification of Boundaries • Boundary Disputes • Geopolitical Assessments

  6. National Political Systems (cont.) • Centripetal Forces: Promoting State Cohesion • Nationalism • Unifying Institutions • Organization and Administration • Transportation and Communication • Centrifugal Forces: Challenges to State Authority

  7. International Political Systems • The United Nations and Its Agencies • Maritime Boundaries • An International Law of the Sea • Regional Alliances • Economic Alliances • Military and Political Alliances

  8. Local and Regional Political Organization • The Geography of Representation • The Districting Problem • The Fragmentation of Political Power