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Human Values and Environmental Problems PowerPoint Presentation
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Human Values and Environmental Problems

Human Values and Environmental Problems

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Human Values and Environmental Problems

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  1. Human Values and Environmental Problems

  2. I=PAT Activity • We will getting into 5 groups. • In your assigned group, estimate how much of your assigned resource you use in a day. Think Broadly and brainstorm as many things as possible. • List these on your easel paper.

  3. Share out and evaluate • Each group will share the types of items that they used in a day. • Now, let’s imagine this scenario: Our Population stabilizes at twice the current size (14 billion), all people will seek Affluence, so what types of technologies will be required to keep the Impacts? Think creatively.

  4. Environmental Sustainability and Human Values Chapter 2

  5. I=PAT Review Question: • How has technology changed to reduce our impact on the environment? • Give two examples of technological improvements that has helped to reduce or maintain our impact, despite our growing population and affluence.

  6. Question of the Day: • What are “commons”? • What is the “Tragedy of the Commons” as described by the book? • How could we work to decrease our consumption?

  7. The Global Commons The Tragedy of the Commons (1968 essay) • Garrett Hardin • Our inability to solve environmental problems stems from the conflict between short-term individual welfare and long-term environmental sustainability • Used Medieval shared pastureland (the commons) as example.

  8. The Global Commons

  9. Human Use of the Earth • Sustainability • The ability to meet humanity’s current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs • Sustainable Development • Economic growth that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs • Must meet the needs of the poor • Can only occur within the limits of the environment • Cannot sustain everyone at the levels of consumption of the US, Europe, and Japan.

  10. Human Use of the Earth

  11. The London Olympics-Sustainability • http://www.london2012.com/videos/video=the-olympic-park-with-kevin-mccloud.html

  12. Human Use of the Earth • Consumption overpopulation: • People use more than their share of resources • Affluent lifestyle • Leads to pollution and degradation • Sustainable Consumption: • People use their share of resources to meets their needs • Must improve the quality of life for the poor • Minimizes the use of resources • Voluntary Simplicity

  13. Let’s Brainstorm Ideas that you already do to reduce consumption

  14. Human Use of the Earth • Voluntary Simplicity • Requires behavioral change: purchasing less • Accumulation of goods does not equal happiness • Values and character define a person, not what they own • E.g., car-sharing, using public transportation, etc. • Not popular with politicians and consumers

  15. Human Use of the Earth

  16. Environmental InSight

  17. Global Climate Change • What is sustainable development? • What is sustainable consumption? How is it linked to a reduction in world poverty? • How is voluntary simplicity an example of sustainable consumption?

  18. Human Values and Environmental Problems • Ethics: branch of philosophy that deals with human values • Environmental Ethics: considers the moral basis of environmental responsibility • Considers the rights of people living today AND of future generations • Critical because our actions today affect the environment in the future

  19. Human Values and Environmental Problems • Worldviews: • personal perspectives, based on values • Help us make sense of the world • What is right and wrong • Lead to behaviors and lifestyles • May or may not be compatible with environmental sustainability

  20. Human Values and Environmental Problems • Environmental Worldview: • How the environment works • Our place in the environment • Right and wrong environmental behaviors • Two extremes; • Western Worldview • Deep Ecology Worldview

  21. Human Values and Environmental Problems • Western Worldview: • Expansionist, human-centered • Frontier attitude; conquer and exploit nature • Human superiority over nature • Unrestricted use of natural resources • Unrestricted economic growth • Anthropocentric perspective

  22. Human Values and Environmental Problems • Deep Ecology: • 1970s: Arne Naess, Bill Devall, George Sessions • Based on harmony with nature • Spiritual respect for life • Humans and other species have equal worth • Requires radical shift in modern thinking • Appreciating quality of life, rather than a high standard of living • Biocentric perspective

  23. Activity:Who is the environmentalist? • Consider the character descriptions on the next slides. Which of these individuals, if any, is an environmentalist? Why? • What does this imply about environmentalism?

  24. Environmental Ethics • Field of ethics that considers the moral basis of environmental responsibility • Western Worldview • Human superiority and dominance over nature • Deep Ecology Worldview • All species have an equal worth to humans • Most people’s ethics fall somewhere in between

  25. Global Climate Change • What is environmental ethics? • What assumptions are made in the deep ecology worldview?