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Human Values

Human Values

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Human Values

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  1. Human Values Humanities 02 Thinking Critical About Ethical Issues

  2. Chapter TwoThe Role of the Majority View • Is the basis for deciding moral values the majority view? In other words; If the majority of citizens decided that a particular action is right would that make it right? • “There is no magic in majorities! • If you choose a particular majority or group to decide on a particular subject; • Some would be well informed • Others would be completely uninformed and unaware • Between these two would be the larger group – partly informed & partly ignorant – perceptive, confused or mistaken.

  3. The appearance of Authoritativeness and Wisdom • The conversion of assorted individual views in a single statistic creates an appearance of authoritativeness and wisdom – Appearances can be deceiving. • Yet in ethical judgment, where there is a singular potential for irrational reaction and even self-deception, it is especially important to avoid slavishly following the majority view.

  4. There is no magic in majority • History reveals outrageous deeds supported by the majority. • The majority view may be the only one a democratic society can follow in its procedures of a representative government. • We should give careful consideration but resist the temptation to accept the majority view uncritically. • We should examine the issue for ourselves and embrace the most reasonable view. • In some cases that will be the majority view; in others, it will not.