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Four Basic Sentences

Four Basic Sentences

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Four Basic Sentences

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  1. Four Basic Sentences “We can do anything we want as long as we stick to it long enough.” Helen Keller

  2. There are four basic sentences in the English language • Simple • Compound • Complex • Compound/Complex

  3. Identify the following sentences. • Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound/Complex • I was the most joyful person when the President decided to call off school. • I was unhappy because I was looking forward to a cloudy day. • He was not only very polite, but he was an industrious person. • When we decided to go out to eat, we did not know that a thunder storm was nearby, and we left with no rain coats or umbrellas.

  4. Answers: (complex) • I was the most joyful person when the President decided to call off school. (complex) • I was unhappy because I was looking forward to a cloudy day. (compound) • He was not only very polite, but he was an industrious person. (compound/complex) • When we decided to go out to eat, we did not know that a thunder storm was nearby, and we left with no rain coats or umbrellas.

  5. Remember that . . . • IC or independent clause is a complete sentence. • DC or dependant clause is not a complete sentence Also remember --clauses are the building blocks of sentences.

  6. What makes a sentence? • You need three things to make a sentence. • 1. Subject • 2. Verb • 3. A complete thought

  7. Are these sentences? • When we went on a long journey through the woods on a sunny Friday morning. • It was fine. • Because he was not only tall but also one of the hardest workers in the area. • Sing that song. (View answers on the next slide.)

  8. Answers! (Dependent clause)When we went on a long journey through the woods on a sunny Friday morning. (Sentence)It was fine. (Dependent Clause)Because he was not only tall but also one of the hardest workers in the area. (Sentence)Sing that song.

  9. Form of the Simple sentence: Simple = IC

  10. Simple sentence S V • The kitty purred softly. S V • The bridge was far away.

  11. Compound sentence IC ,ccIC.

  12. Compound: • The kitty purred softly, andhe bounced on the pillow. • The bridge was far away, butthe soldiers believed they could reach it by night fall. • Coordinating conjunctions, and, but, yet, so, for, or, nor

  13. Uses of coordinators • And --- addition • But and Yet --- contrast • So --- result • ____________________ • For --- reason • Or or Nor --- option

  14. Write compound sentences. • ________________, but she sang the song more beautifully than anyone else. • ________________, and he did not feel well that morning. • ________________, for I was the only person that knew the right answer. • ________________, yet he did not know what to do when the policeman arrived. • ________________, or you will be put in jail immediately.

  15. Complex sentence A. scDc , Ic. When I was young, I ran a mile every day. B. Icsc Dc. I ran a mile every daywhenI was young.

  16. Complex • As he bounced on a soft pillow, the kitty purred softly. • The soldiers did not think they would reach the bridgebecause it was too far away.

  17. Subordination conjunctions

  18. Complete the complex sentences • When we were in San Francisco,______________________. • In the middle of the day there was an explosion when__________________. • I would not like to eat pizza if_______. • Because she was the smartest student ________________________________. Since the first day of class,___________.

  19. Write complex sentences. When ___________,___________________. ______________while__________________. Since ___________,___________________. Because ___________,_________________. ________________if ___________________. Unless___________,_________________. ________________as__________________. As_______________,__________________.

  20. compound/complex sentence • 2 IC --- 1 DC.

  21. Compound/Complex • The kitty purred softly, andshe bounced on the pillowas her master read a funny magazine. • The soldiers did not think they would reach the bridgebecause the bridgewas far away,andthey were being eaten alive by hundreds of mosquitoes.

  22. Summary Simple -- IC. Compound -- IC ,ccIC. Complex -- A. IC sc DC. B. sc DC, IC. Compound/Complex A. scDC, IC ,cc IC. B. IC ,ccICscDC.

  23. Part one, provide the different parts of the sentence -- IC, DC, SC, CC a.Simple = IC b.compound c.complex d.compound/complex Part two, write an example of each sentence and identify the different parts. a.Simple b.Compound c.Complex d.Compound/ complex  Part three: Identify the sentence for the whole paragraph. Ignacio bought a couple of ice cream cones for his family. His wife liked banana pecan, but his two daughters liked mango. Since he only had enough money for three ice cream cones, he was left without a cone. Each daughter and his wife offered Ignacio a taste of their ice cream cones, and this made Ignacio happy because he felt their love for him. Assignment: