Gohagoda Landfill Site in Sri Lanka 2003 JICA
Present Condition of Gohagoda Landfill Site • Name of landfill site: Thekkawatta Landfill site, Gohagoda • Since: 1970’s • Land ownership: Kandy Municipal Council • Surrounding land use: The Mahawali river flows 200 m below the site in it Western side beyond a paddy field. Other area mainly consists of paddy land and residence facilities for workers.
Present Condition of Gohagoda Landfill Site • Topography: The active filling area is located in a steep slope area, which hasalready filled up to the access road elevation. • Meteorology: The site is situated in Mid Country wet zone, which receive annual rainfall of 2500 mm with Binomial distribution pattern.
Present Condition of Gohagoda Landfill Site • Hydrology: There is a small stream at the bottom of the landfill site which connect to the Mahaveli River 300 m away from the site. The stream already contaminated with leachate and it has directly diverted to the Mahaveli river without using for Irrigation of paddy field or domestic use. The catchments area of the dumping site is approx 3.5 ha including the active filling area.
Present Condition of Gohagoda Landfill Site • Land Use: Agricultural and Residential area • Surrounding Area: Dumping area 2.5 ha Catchments area 3.5 ha • Disposal method: Controlled tipping No environmental protection measures are taken • Waste discharge: Municipal waste, Health care waste, Industrial waste, Sewage
Present Condition of Gohagoda Landfill Site • Facilities - Control house: 1 building - Gate: None - Fence: None - Weigh bridge: None - Leachate treatment: No facility - Buffer zone: none - Electricity: Available - Water supply: Available - Telephone line: None
Present Condition of Gohagoda Landfill Site • Staff allocation Supervisor: 1 person,Day or night shift Assistant supervisor: 1 person, Day or night shift Labour Group 1 (Waste unloading): 2 persons, Day shift Labour Group 2 (Waste unloading): 2 persons, Night shift Bulldozer operator: 1 person, Bulldozer Operation, Day shift
Present Condition of Gohagoda Landfill Site • Operation and Maintenance - Executing organization: Kandy municipal Council - Equipment: Bulldozer (D4) 1 unit Backhoe Loader 1 unit
Objectives of the project • The objective of project is to rehabilitate the existing Gohagoda landfill in order to mitigate environmental & sanitary hazards that caused by present open dumping practices. The rehabilitate landfill site will be a model of Rehabilitated dumping site for Sri Lanka as well as it will be a model for Lift-Up type landfill. In terms of environment protection, the improvement will reduce adverse effect on environment that has identified as a critical issue in Gohagoda Landfill Site.
Construction of the temporary access road • This work is to construct a gravel faced temporary access road in the Gohagoda landfill site in accordance with drawings. • This work includes all required work such as survey, filling soil on waste dumped to form a road base, spreading and compacting 0-40 mm crushed stones with 5 m width and 15 cm thickness. The sufficient density shall be obtained by compaction.
Details of operation and maintenance of components of landfill facility • Stuffing on the Finished Slope Turffing on the finished slope is required for protection of the slope and mitigation of landscape. • Extension of Gas Ventilation Pipes
Maintenance of Installed Facilities • Fence, access road will be maintained when these are damaged. The drain will be cleaned every one month in order to prevent from blocking.
Evaluation of improvement • The Gohagoda landfill site for Kandy which has been used for more than 30 years was having serious environmental impacts on the surroundings. These impacts were greatly mitigated by the improvement project including a leachate collection and treatment facility, greenery of slopes, prevention fences for waste scattering, a drainage system, access road, etc. This would be a good example for other local authorities.