PHENOMENOLOGY Jomar A. Couvertier Engl 126
What is phenomenology? • Phenomenology is the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view. • Literally, phenomenology is the study of “phenomena”: appearances of things, or things as they appear in our experience, or the ways we experience things, thus the meanings things have in our experience. • Is the study of our experience — how we experience.
We all experience various types of experience including perception, imagination, thought, emotion, desire, volition, and action. • Thus, the domain of phenomenology is the range of experiences including these types (among others).
Phenomenologyisrelatedto: • Phenomenology as a discipline is distinct from but related to other key disciplines in philosophy, such as… • Ontology • Epistemology • Logic • Ethics
Edmund Husserl • Edmund Husserl was the principal founder of phenomenology. • Among with Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Jean-Paul Sartre, et al.