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People in the Federal Government

People in the Federal Government

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People in the Federal Government

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  1. People in the Federal Government

  2. Expectations Curriculum Expectation: • describe the main structures and functions of municipal, provincial, and federal governments in Canada; By the end of this presentation, you should be able to: • Identify the head of Canada • Identify the type of Federal Government in Canada • Identify the name and role of the Governor General • Identify the name and role of the Prime Minister • Explain the purpose of the Cabinet • Identify the size and explain the purpose of the House of Commons • Identify the size and explain the purpose of the Senate • Identify the purpose of a Backbencher • Identify the leader and role of the Official Opposition • Identify the leader and political party of all major federal political parties • Identify the Member of Parliament for Angus (Simcoe – Grey)

  3. Head of Canada Canada has a constitutional monarchy Role is mainly ceremonial therefore she does not have real power She is responsible for summoning parliament or provincial legislature to meet, appointing senators and calling elections Signs bills into law The Queen Queen Elizabeth II of England

  4. The Governor General David Johnston • The Queen’s representative in Canada at the federal level • Performs the Queen’s responsibilities in Canada on behalf of the Queen • Responsible for summoning federal parliament to meet, appointing Senators, calling elections • Role is mainly ceremonial • Signs bills into laws when the queen is unavailable

  5. Leader of a political party with the most seats in the House of Commons Most powerful person in Parliament Recommends to the Governor General the appointment of Senators Recommends the appointment of judges to the Supreme Court Determines when elections will be held The Prime Minister Stephen Harper Conservative Party of Canada

  6. The Cabinet Minister of Defence Peter MacKay Minister of Finance Jim Flaherty Members of the Parliament selected by the Prime Minister to be responsible for an area of Public Policy

  7. Contains 308 (elected) Members of Parliament Responsibilities include making laws, raising or lowering taxes and debating issues of public policy House of Commons

  8. Contains 123 Senators appointed by the Prime Minister Responsible for reviewing laws passed by the House of Commons and representing the regions of Canada Senate

  9. a member of Parliament who is not in Cabinet they get their names from where they sit in the House of Commons (in the back benches) Backbencher

  10. the leader of the opposition leads the shadow cabinet the shadow cabinet criticizes the actions of the cabinet Shadow Cabinet Jack Layton July 18, 1950 – August 22, 2011 Thomas Muclair New Democrat Leader

  11. The official opposition is the second largest party in the House of Commons All other parties in the House of Commons other than the largest one Opposition Thomas Muclair Bob Rae Elizabeth May

  12. Elected to represent the voters from each riding or electoral district they follow the instructions of the leader of their political party Members of Parliament Kellie Leitch Conservative Party of Canada Simcoe – Grey Patrick Brown Conservative Party of Canada Barrie

  13. Bruce Stanton Conservative Party of Canada Simcoe North Kellie Leitch Conservative Party of Canada Simcoe – Grey Patrick Brown Conservative Party of Canada Barrie Julian Fantino Conservative Party of Canada Vaughan