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pharm history

pharm history

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pharm history

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  1. before AMA and pharmacy there was……. herbals, homeopathy, bloodletting staff of Ascelpius---Greek god of healing---one serpent around the staff. look upon the snake…. caduceus---aka staff of Hermes(god to underworld) -2serpents wings around staff US army used wrong logo pharm history Hippocrates(father of medicine) 460-357bc—kindness, sickness is from environment imbalance of body humours aristitotle384-322bc---anatomy from animals claudius galen129-210--Roman doctor good hygiene, health, moderation roger bacon--scientific method Paracelsus--single chemical remedy

  2. Theophrastus—father of botany. Plant uses. Mithridates—father of toxicology. ‘Prevaccine’ Dioscorides—father of pharmacology. Translated greek med to roman. Herbal book-- ‘de materia medica’ 1st pharm shop—baghdad ad762 Renaissance—pharmacopeias(herbal treatise) US doctor was also druggist until pharmacist specialty. everybody on laudanum=opium/alcohol mixture leeches--- maggots--- bloodletting--- pharmaceutical honey--- William Proctor—father of amercian pharmacy. 1846 Philadelphia college of pharm pharm history

  3. 4000BC—Sumeria:first rx, separate dr and pharmacist • Egypt—Ebers papyrus had 875 rx • Edward parrish—1850s pharm standardization(APhA)

  4. pharmacist got started after civil war to allow doctors to do dx and surgery. • 1821 school of pharmacy in philadelphia. • enjoy your coke?--thank a pharmacist. they made their own • recipe to cure ailments. • 1960s--pharm tech standardized training • 1995---PTCB • about 500,000 ph techs now • special certification for pharm techs by NPTA in sterile and extemporaneous • more responsibilities likely in future(pharm assistant)

  5. PTCE & Excpt • PTCE—90q, 10 are fake. Score over 1400. endorsed by NABP. Geared to hospital work. ExCPT---120 q, 20 are fake. Mostly retail/pharm questions. By National Healthcareer Association(pass assured) and Nat Assn Chain drug stores. 690=pass test Both are accrediated by NCCA (National Commission for Certifying Agencies)