QUESTIONS 39. What are the official symbols of the Caribbean? 40. What are the typical Cuban music? 41. What is the original tribe of Puerto Rico? 42. What are the most popular museums and galleries in Puerto Rico?
CARIBBEAN CULTURES: CUBA AND PUERTO RICO
INTRODUCTION • Greater Antilles: Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, and Haiti. Lesser Antilles: Bahamas, Virgin Islands, etc. • The Caribbean’s culture has historically been influenced by European culture (British, Spanish, and French). • Now, It’s being influenced linguistic, economic, and culturally by theUnitedStates. • Official symbols of Caribbean include the parrot, palm, and the shell.
religion African religions were transmitted from generation o generation throughout Cuba, Haiti, other islands and Brazil. Santeria was first introduced to account for the way African spirits were joined to Catholic saints.
music Typical Cuban music are the habanera, guaracha, danzon, rumba, bolero, chachacha, mambo, and the punto. Modern Cuban music include Salsa, Reggaeton, and Cuban hip-hop.
sports • Baseball is he most popular sport. • Football is not a major game in Cuba, but it is gaining popularity. • They have he School Sports Games that trains students.
cuisine The most popular foods are black beans, rice, and meat. Their most popular dishes are Criollo. Coffee is of high quality and grown mainly for export. Mojito
carnivals In Cuba festivals and holidays are the best time to experience Cuban traditions and culture. Events like the International Festival of Latin American Film, held annually in December, have brought worldwide acclaim to Habana and Cuba.
culture Puerto Rican culture is complex and colorful. It has many unique characteristics. Its population represent a cultural and racial mix. The country has had many immigrations waves: Africans, Chinese, French, German, Cubans, and Dominicans.
culture The island’s architectural heritage is Spanish. Current restoration and renewal projects focus on Old San Juan and the city of Ponce. Old San Juan was Spain’s major center of commerce and military power in the West Indies for nearly 4 centuries.
Art Jose Campeche (churches) There is a strong artistic presence in the island. It has dozens of museums and even more galleries. Among the most popular are: the GaleriaBotello, the Dominican Convent in Old San Juan, the Museum of the University of Puerto Rico in Rio Piedras. And the Museo de Arte de Ponce where is the greatest art on the island.
crafts There are many crafts in Puerto Rico, but the major crafts are the santos (carved religious figures). People who make these crafts are called santeros. For some families, worshiping the santos replaces a traditional mass.
folklore The original tribe of Puerto Rico is the Taino tribe. They passed their culture orally to their descendants which include the ghost legends. The Santeria was brought from Africa.
LOCAL HOLIDAYS Christmas traditions have their roots in Catholicism. “Nacimientos” are very popular all over the country as well as in any other hispanic countries. The difference is the food they prepare: cooked green bananas, mashed plantains or yucca filled with meat and other vegetables, arroz con dulce, and “tembleque”. The most famous drink are Rum and Coquito.
Tembleque Arroz con dulce
MUSIC One of Puerto Rico's notable exports is its music, which is probably the predominant Caribbean music heard in the United States. The traditional musical instruments used by Puerto Ricans come from the Taino people. The güicharo, therequinto, thebordonua, thecuatro, and thetriple, tambor, and maracas are popular.
LINKS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qid2RiM4CTk DANCE WITH ME http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0nBFWzpWXuM Celia Cruz http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04bXoUl-ru8Chayanne http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kw0AKDrZEQ Olga Tanon http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EsfSuL-VFBw Luis Fonsi