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Cyber Advancing Research … Research Advancing Cyber

Cyber Advancing Research … Research Advancing Cyber

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Cyber Advancing Research … Research Advancing Cyber

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  1. Cyber Advancing Research … Research Advancing Cyber Scott F. Midkiff:: 703-292-8339National Science FoundationDirectorate for EngineeringElectrical, Communications and Cyber Systems Division Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  2. Cyber Systems • “Cyber” implies the integration of… • Computation, • Communication, and • Algorithms and control • Cyber is… • More than just high-performance or embedded computing • More than just networking • More than just software Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  3. Cyber Systems Research • High-Performance Computing • Grid Computing • Visualization • Virtual Organizations, … CyberSystems Science andEngineeringResearch • Next-generation Computing and Communication • Cyber-Physical Systems • Integrated Systems … Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  4. NSF Support for Cyber Systems(from an ECCS Perspective) Cyberinfrastructure (CI) Cyber-PhysicalSystems (CPS) Enabling FutureCyber Systems • Utilizing state-of-the art computing systems • Systems coupled with middleware and innovative algorithms • Virtual organizations • Integration of cyber systems and physical systems and the physical environment • Foundations; Methods and tools; Components, substrates and systems • Closing the gap between advances in devices and components and their application in systems Scope • Core program support for modeling and simulation • Cyber-enabled Discovery and Innovation (CDI) • Accelerating Discovery in Science and Engineering through Petascale Simulations and Analysis (PetaApps) • Cyberinfrastructure Experiences for Graduate Students (CIEG) • Engineering Virtual Organizations (EVO) • Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) • Integrative, Hybrid and Complex Systems (IHCS) core program • Power, Control and Adaptive Networks (PCAN) core program • Multicore Chip Design and Architecture: (MCDA) • Integrative, Hybrid and Complex Systems (IHCS) core program • Power, Control and Adaptive Networks (PCAN) core programs • Electronics, Photonics, and Device Technologies ECCS and Cross-cutting Support Cyber Enabling Research Research Enabling Cyber Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  5. Unsolicited Proposals for ECCS • ECCS core programs use program descriptions • Unsolicited proposals • Description of scope and example topics, but seeking the best ideas from the research community • Compared to a solicitation which can be much more specific in scope and requirements • Two windows for submission of unsolicited proposals each year • September 7-October 7 • January 7-February 7 Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  6. Cyber-enabled Discovery and Innovation (NSF 08-604) • Five-year initiative (FY 2010 will be the third year) • FY 2008: $53.18M (actual) • FY 2009: $70.94M FY09, $6.37M ARRA (current plan) • FY 2010: $102.63M (requested) • All NSF directorates and programmatic offices are involved • Goal is … • to create revolutionary science and engineering research outcomes … • made possible by innovation in, or innovative use of computational thinking … • with an emphasis on bold, multidisciplinary activities Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  7. Three CDI Themes • From Data to Knowledge – enhancing human cognition and generating new knowledge from a wealth of heterogeneous digital data; • Understanding Complexity in Natural, Built, and Social Systems – deriving fundamental insights on systems comprising multiple interacting elements;  and • Building Virtual Organizations – enhancing discovery and innovation by bringing people and resources together across institutional, geographical and cultural boundaries Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  8. Types of CDI Projects • CDI defines research modalities • Project size not measured by dollar amount • Projects classified by magnitude of effort • Three types are defined • Type I (~2 PI, 2 GRA) • Type II (~3 PI, 3 GRA, 1 post-doc) • Type III (center scale) • Type III (center-scale effort) not supported in FY 2008 and FY 2009 Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  9. What are Cyber-Physical Systems? • Cyber – computation, communication, and control that are discrete, logical, and switched • Physical – natural and human-made systems governed by the laws of physics and operating in continuous time • Cyber-Physical Systems – systems in which the cyber and physical systems are tightly integrated at all scales and levels • Change from cyber merely appliquéd on physical • Change from physical with off-the-shelf commodity “computing as parts” mindset • Change from ad hoc to grounded, assured development Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  10. A Few Example Opportunities Transportation • Faster and more energy efficient aircraft • Improved use of airspace • Safer, more efficient cars Energy and Industrial Automation • Homes and offices that are more energy efficient and cheaper to operate • Distributed micro-generation for the grid Healthcare and Biomedical • Increased use of effective in-home care • More capable devices for diagnosis • New internal and external prosthetics Critical Infrastructure • More reliable and efficient power grid • Highways that allow denser traffic with increased safety Cyber-Physical Systems Executive Summary, CPS Steering Group, March 6, 2008 (available at Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  11. CPS – A National Research Priority • Eight priority areas, with four designated as having the highest priority • Network and Information Technology (NIT) Systems Connected with the Physical World • Software • Digital Data • Networking • NIT systems connected with the physical world (cyber-physical systems) • Essential to the effective operation of U.S. defense and intelligence systems and critical infrastructures • At the core of human-scale structures and large-scale civilian applications President’s Council of Advisor’s on Science and Technology (PCAST), Computational Science: America's Competitiveness Leadership Under Challenge: Information Technology R&D in a Competitive World, August 2007. Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  12. NSF Model for Expediting Progress* Sectors • A new underlying discipline • Abstracting from sectors to more general principles • Apply these to problems in new sectors • Build a new CPS community medical aero finance FundamentalResearch auto transportation energy civil chemical materials * Jeannette M. WingAssistant Director, CISE, NSF Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  13. CPS Solicitation (NSF 08-611) • Joint initiative of Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) and Directorate for Engineering (ENG) • Three themes • Three types of proposals • Proposal deadline is February 27, 2009 Contacts: Helen Gill (CISE/CNS), hgill@nsf.govScott Midkiff (ENG/ECCS), Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  14. Type of CPS Projects • Small Projects – individual or small-team efforts that focus on one or more of the three defined CPS themes (up to $200,000/year for up to three years) • Medium Projects – span one or more CPS themes and may include one or more PIs and a research team of students and/or post-docs (up to $500,000/year for up to three years) • Large Projects – multi-investigator projects addressing a coherent set of research issues that cut across multiple themes or that explore a particular theme in great depth (up to $1,000,000/year for up to five years) • Possible CPS-Virtual Organization Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  15. Three CPS Themes • Foundations – develop new scientific and engineering principles, algorithms, models, and theories for the analysis and design of cyber-physical systems • Research on Methods and Tools – bridge the gaps between approaches to the cyber and physical elements of systems through innovations such as novel support for multiple views, new programming languages, and algorithms for reasoning about and formally verifying properties of complex integrations of cyber and physical resources • Components, Run-time Substrates, and Systems – new hardware and software infrastructure and platforms and engineered systems motivated by grand challenge applications Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO

  16. Where to go from here… • Read solicitations • Talk to program directors about program scope, project scale, etc. • Collaborate … within a department … across campus … across the country … across the world • Develop proposals around your very best ideas • Be fully responsive to NSF review criteria – intellectual merit and broader impact – as well as additional criteria that may exist • Volunteer as a panelist Great Plains Network, Kansas City, MO