Short Stories About the authors Literary terms Story Plot
Setting – where and when the story occurred • Where? • When?
Protagonist • the main character in a story, novel, drama, or other literary work Antagonist • the character who works against the main character.
Theme – the big idea, the message or moral of the story • Possible themes: • Crime doesn’t pay • Friendship sometimes means sacrifice • Family is important • Do not act like someone you are not • Be careful what you wish for • Sacrifices bring rewards • Love conquers all
Point of View – the perspective of the one telling the story 1st Person – narrator is the character in the story -- Look for pronouns – I, me, we, us www.barnesandnoble.com
Point of View – the perspective of the one telling the story 2nd person – narrator tells story to someone • Look for pronoun – you www.barnesandnoble.com
Point of View – the perspective of the one telling the story 3rd person – narrator is not a character • 3rd person omniscent– narrator relates to the thoughts, feelings, and actions of ALL characters • 3rd person limited – narrator tells what ONE person think, feels, and observes • Look for pronouns – he, she, it , they, them
Conflict- a struggle between opposing forces • Internal Conflict: takes place inside the character • Roger vs. himself - should he run away? • What should Mrs. Jones do with this boy? • External Conflict: a character’s struggle against a force outside himself or herself • Roger tries to steal Mrs. Jones’ purse. • Mrs. Jones grabs Roger.
About the Author of “The Scholarship Jacket” Marta Salinas • She was born in _1949__ in Coalinga___, __CA__. • She received her degree from __University_ of California__in creative writing__. • She is an _environmental activist_ as well as a _writer_. • She has published several _short stories_ in __journals__ and __anthologies__.
Story Plot for “The Scholarship Jacket” • 1. Martha, a poor Mexican American girl, living in Texas hopes to earn the “Scholarship jacket” given to the class valedictorian. • 2. Martha overhears two of her teachers arguing over who should win the scholarship jacket. • 2. Mr. Boone wants to give the jacket to a girl named Joann because her father is very powerful. • 2. The principal calls Martha to his office the next day. • 2. The school board decided to charge 15 dollars for the jacket this year. • 2. Martha cries on her way home. • 2. Martha asks her grandfather for the money for the jacket. • 2. grandfather refuses to pay on principle. • 2. Martha tells the principal why her grandfather won’t pay. • 2. Martha tells him to give it to Joann • 3. Martha is awarded the scholarship jacket. • 4. Martha sees Mr. Schmidt and he congratulates her. • 4. Martha rushes home to tell her grandfather. • 5.Martha discovers her grandfather was right all along.