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  1. Practice Test World History AP #8

  2. Most of the earliest civilizations developed in Areas around the Mediterranean Sea Inland areas in moderate climates Areas with abundant rainfall The Western Hemisphere River valleys in warm, dry climates

  3. (E) River valleys in warm, dry climates

  4. Most experts believe that agriculture first originated in • The Middle East and then spread by cultural diffusion to many other areas of the world • The Andes Mountain area and China about the same time • China and then spread by cultural diffusion to many other areas around the world • The Middle East but also began later as independent invention in many other areas of the world • Several areas in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres about the same time

  5. (D) The Middle East but also began later as independent invention in many other areas of the world

  6. Which of the following economic activities is most likely to produce a surplus? Hunting and gathering Shifting cultivation Sedentary agriculture Pastoral nomadism Horticulture

  7. (C)Sedentary agriculture

  8. One of the earliest cultural hearths in the Americas was developed by Harappans Olmec Akkadians Maya Hittites

  9. (B) Olmec

  10. One common effect of the process of agricultural settlements developing into civilizations was • The rulers came to be seen as gods • The religions became more centered on spirits and nature • A growing nostalgia for the more nomadic lifestyle • The people generally didn’t have to work as hard as nomads did • The status of women fell

  11. (E) The status of women fell

  12. Which of the following is true of both ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia? • Both were politically organized into city-states. • Both had polytheistic religions. • Neither had a written language. • Both had to cope with very rainy climates • Neither had written law codes.

  13. (B) Both had polytheistic religions.

  14. “I have not blasphemed a god, I have not robbed the poor. I have not done what the god abhors, I have not maligned a servant to his master. I have not caused pain, I have not cause tears…” The above is an excerpt from a confession that Egyptians gave to The pharaoh before being sentenced to death The priest before being sacrificed to the gods The king of the underworld after death Spouses during wedding ceremonies The river gods before the flooding season

  15. (C) The king of the underworld after death

  16. The best single explanation for why so little is known about the Indus River Valley people is that They had no written language Their civilization was less developed than that of the Egyptians and Mesopotamians Most of their artifacts were destroyed by invaders Inscriptions on artifacts are too brief to allow the interpretation of their language Their sites are more difficult to excavate than those of most other ancient peoples

  17. (D)Inscriptions on artifacts are too brief to allow the interpretation of their language

  18. One of the most important political legacies of the Zhou Dynasty in Ancient China is (A) A written law code (B) The establishment of a theocracy (C) The tradition of having two rulers instead of one (D) Participation by citizens in the decision-making process (E) The Mandate of Heaven

  19. (E) The Mandate of Heaven

  20. Which of the earliest civilizations generally differed from the others in its emphasis on the supreme importance of the family, life on earth rather than life after death, and learning and literacy? China Egypt Mesopotamia Mycenae Indus Valley

  21. (A)China

  22. The cultural hearth pictured above is geographically different from most others in the Eastern Hemisphere because it is NOT Next to an ocean Centralized in one place In a river valley In a warm climate In an area with a great deal of rainfall

  23. (C) In a river valley

  24. Which of the following classical civilizations was composed of city-states? Greece Rome Mauryan India Gupta India Han China

  25. (A)Greece

  26. Which of the following civilizations is mismatched with an accomplishment? Phoenicia/alphabet based on sounds Greece/democratic government Rome/building of aqueducts Gupta India/Hellenistic synthesis Han China/bureaucracy based on merit

  27. (D)Gupta India/Hellenistic synthesis

  28. Which of the following is true of both Athens and Rome? Neither valued philosophy or art. Neither were patriarchies. Neither made use of slave labor. Both were monotheistic. Both had strong military organizations.

  29. (E)Both had strong military organizations.

  30. “The Great King, King of Kings, King in _____, King of countries” were ways of addressing the ruler of Greece The Roman Republic The Roman Empire Persia Mauryan India

  31. (D)Persia

  32. One difference between Rome and Han China is that High government positions were more likely to be based on scholarly accomplishments in China Engineering accomplishments were more significant in China Religious leaders were more likely to have political power in Rome Rome had more trouble guarding its borders than China did Rome experienced more problems with free peasants clashing with wealthy aristocrats

  33. (A)High government positions were more likely to be based on scholarly accomplishments in China

  34. Which of the following is often seen as an important accomplishment of Ashoka? He unified India into a long-lasting political dynasty. He probably kept Buddhism from dying out. He promoted the spread of Hinduism to Southeast and East Asia. He built a great Indian navy. He forged an alliance with the Roman Emperor.

  35. (B)He probably kept Buddhism from dying out.

  36. In comparison to the Mauryan Dynasty, the Gupta Dynasty Controlled much more territory on the Indian subcontinent Built a more complex government bureaucracy Rose from the same powerful area in northern India Did not practice as much “theatre state” Did not practice Hinduism

  37. (C)Rose from the same powerful area in northern India

  38. The most significant common reason for both the collapse of early civilizations around 1200 B.C.E. and the classical civilizations in the years before 600 C.E. was probably A problem of interdependence Attack by nomadic groups Overuse of natural resources A serious climate change The growing incidence of crime and corruption

  39. (A) A problem of interdependence

  40. A technological invention used to maneuver the waters of the Indian Ocean was the Square sail Trireme Large-hulled boat Sextant Lateen sail

  41. (E)Lateen sail

  42. Although much about them is mysterious, these clay soldiers were probably created to Demonstrate Chinese artistic abilities Frighten simple nomadic groups from entering Chinese borders Symbolize the power of Shi Huangdi Symbolically protect commerce on the Silk Road Protect the tombs of early Confucian scholars

  43. (C) Symbolize the power of Shi Huangdi

  44. The most important reason that the Chinese civilization did not lose its identity after the fall of the Han Dynasty was The rapid rise of another equally powerful dynasty A shared belief in Confucianism The relative weakness of nomadic groups that surrounded Chinese borders The leadership of Shi Huangdi Its relatively small geographical size

  45. (B) A shared belief in Confucianism

  46. Which of the following is NOT a concept central to Buddhism? The Four Noble Truths Atman The Eightfold Path Nirvana The importance of meditation

  47. (B) Atman

  48. Which of the following belief systems originated on the Indian subcontinent? Buddhism Hinduism Confucianism Daoism I and II only II only II and III only II, III, and IV only IV only

  49. (A) I and II only

  50. Which of the following was a universalizing religion of the era before 600 C.E.? Hinduism Judaism Daoism Christianity Confucianism