Ideology • Shared ideas, values, beliefs • Dominant ideology is shared by the majority • A small number of powerful people in control of a large number of weak people • Representation and stereotype are linked because they might change our views on people, places, events and can be used by those in control to stay in control
Themes and Ideology V For Vendetta
Synopsis • Set against the futuristic landscape of totalitarian Britain, V For Vendetta tells the story of a mild-mannered young woman named Evey who is rescued from a life-and-death situation by a masked vigilante known only as "V." Incomparably charismatic and ferociously skilled in the art of combat and deception, V ignites a revolution when he detonates two London landmarks and takes over the government-controlled airwaves, urging his fellow citizens to rise up against tyranny and oppression. As Evey uncovers the truth about V's mysterious background, she also discovers the truth about herself - and emerges as his unlikely ally in the culmination of his plot to bring freedom and justice back to a society fraught with cruelty and corruption.
Motivations • Mix of public and private • Basic sense of natural justice – save innocents • Take on Totalitarian state and promote revolution
Revenge • Quest for revenge on people who experimented on him while in prison (he kills them all) • Small acts of revenge act as counterpoint to his overall plan to bring down government (which put him in prison and runs the system he is against)
Responsibility • Individuals are responsible for their own actions (links to revenge) • V and later Evey are responsible for the revolution which in turn means they are taking on others (the publics) responsibility as citizens
Relationships • V and Evey, not so much as romance but more of how they both grow as characters together • The states negative treatment of Valerie Page’s sexual orientation
The Moral Question • ‘The end justifies the means’ - V clearly crosses the moral line with his acts of terrorism but these acts are what wakes the public up eventually
Choices • Small plot points lead V to make multiple choices which link to revenge, relationships and morals • The main choice is more subtle – it is for the public to choose to be apathetic or not, to passively take what the state is giving them, even when bad
Right and Wrong • Links to private choices theme • V does many things that are technically wrong and illegal • He is encouraging the public to have a revolution
Discrimination • Minority groups are removed from ‘normal’ society such as; homosexuals, religious groups, political opponents etc • Ultimately the story is about how the state grows too strong and removes those they don’t like. This is why V wants to bring it down.
Social Class • The film is set in the UK where class is still a relevant real world issue • Working class are happy with security of pubs and TV • Middle class understand the state is bad but have a lot to lose if they fight it • Ruling class are linked to the government and want to protect their interests
Science and Technology • Science and tech are abused by the government and put to evil uses by the villains • An accident when trying to create a bad virus accidently creates V; this links to revenge and choices etc • A bit like Frankenstein; a monster that destroys its creator
Society and Politics • V for Vendetta is based on a graphic novel written in 1980’s Thatcherite UK; a time when state control was very strong • The film also references more modern terrorism issues • In the film; the state lies about terrorist threats so they can take more control and be powerful. This is like conspiracy theories from 9/11 • There are Muslim extremists as the people the state are against and the state themselves are a Christian fundamentalist party
Homophobia becomes a government policy • V is trying to ‘wake up’ the public to the negative state control • References to modern concentration camps like Guantanamo Bay, CCTV Big Brother style surveillance, Media spin and lies, State control and brain washing, corrupted religious organisations etcetc • Links back to Guy Fawkes original act of terrorism • The V mask has been taking on by real life anarchy groups
Ideology • Typical superhero ideology of ‘freedom forever’ (actually a tag line for the film). Superman, Batman, Ironman etc all essentially fight for freedom, Truth, Justice (American Way) • British film so a bit different and less moral (like Batman?). Unlike most American hero's where they come into conflict with government but ultimately get let off and help them, V doesn’t care who he conflicts with. He knows he is right and that is most important.